Background and Purpose: Resistance to activated protein C (APC), a natural plasma anticoagulant, is the most common identifiable risk factor for venous thromboembolic disease. One point mutation in coagulation factor V that renders it APC-resistant is found in >90% of APC-resistant venous thrombosis patients. To determine the prevalence of APC resistance and of this factor V mutation in stroke, we screened a group of ischemic stroke patients. Methods: Hispanic ischemic stroke patients were screened using two different activated partial thromboplastin time-based assays. One assay using neat patient plasma determined APC resistance, and the other assay using patient plasma diluted into factor V-deficient plasma determined APC- resistant factor V, including the Arg506→Gln mutation. Results: were compared with those in 31 Hispanic control subjects of similar ages. Results: Six of 63 (9.5%) stroke patients had APC resistance compared with none of 31 (0%) control subjects. No patient or control subject had APC-resistant factor V, ie, the factor V Arg506→Gln mutation. Conclusions: In Hispanic patients with ischemic stroke, the incidence (approximately 10%) of APC resistance is not caused by the factor V Arg506→Gln mutation. APC resistance not caused by this factor V mutation may be a risk factor for ischemic stroke in this population.
- Hispanic Americans
- cerebral ischemia
- protein C
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing