Acoustic startle, prepulse inhibition, locomotion, and latent inhibition in the neuroleptic responsive (NR) and neuroleptio-nonresponsive (NNR) lines of mice

Lori Kline, Eric Decena, Robert Hitzemann, James McCaughran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

The acoustic startle reflex (ASR) is inhibited by low intensity acoustic stimuli (prepulse inhibition; PPI) delivered prior to the startle stimulus. PPI may reflect underlying sensorimotor processes involved in the filtering of exteroceptive stimuli for their cognitive or physiological relevance. Latent inhibition (LI) is a cognitive process in which pre-exposure to the conditioned stimulus (CS) produces pro-active interference with the acquisition of an associative learning task. LI is thought to reflect a selective attention mechanism that contributes to an organism's ability to adjust its behavior to changing contingencies of reinforcement. In the present series of experiments, the ASR, PPI at three prepulse intensities (56, 68, and 80 dB), locomotor activity, and LI using an active avoidance paradigm were assessed in mice bidirectionally selected from a heterogeneous stock for response (NR line) or non-response (NNR line) to neuroleptic-induced catalepsy. A randomly selected line was used as the control. Mice from the NNR line displayed weak startle responses and a complete absence of PPI. In contrast, the NR line displayed the largest ASR and the greatest PPI. The control line displayed ASRs and PPI values intermediate to the selected lines. Locomotor activity which is known to affect LI was lowest in the NR line but was similar in the NNR and control lines. In the LI paradigm, acquisition of the avoidance response was impaired in mice from the NR and control lines that were pre-exposed to the auditory CS (normal response). In contrast, the acquisition of the avoidance response in the NNR line was similar in CS pre-exposed and CS non-pre-exposed animals. Overall, the results demonstrate that some of the same genetic factors which regulate neuroleptic response also play a significant role in PPI and LI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)322-331
Number of pages10
JournalPsychopharmacology
Volume139
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 1998

Keywords

  • Acoustic startle response
  • Latent inhibition
  • Locomotion
  • Neuroleptic-induced catalepsy
  • Prepulse inhibition
  • Schizophrenia
  • Selected mouse lines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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