It has been proposed that acetylcholine receptor channels exhibit a functionally distinct 'junctional' form at the region of synaptic contact between nerve and muscle. As a direct test of this idea, we compared acetylcholine-activated single-channel currents from synaptic membrane to those obtained from nonsynaptic sites on freshly dissociated adult mouse toe muscle. We observed, at locations along the entire length of the cell, openings by a channel with a high conductance (70 pS) and brief open time (~ 2 msec), characteristic of the classical 'junctional type' of actylcholine receptor. In 8 out of 10 synaptic and in 9 out of 19 nonsynaptic recordings, we also observed infrequent openings by a low-conductance (45-pS) channel traditionally associated only with nonsynaptic regions. In these recordings the low-conductance acetycholine receptor channel averaged only 3% of the total channel openings. Comparisons of synaptic and nonsynaptic patches indicated no trend toward an increased proportion of low-conductance channel openings with increased distance from the synapse. These findings support the view that the functional properties of the acetylcholine receptor channel do not depend on proximity to the synapse in innervated mouse skeletal muscle.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - 1987|
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