Academy of Dental Materials guidance—Resin composites: Part I—Mechanical properties

N. Ilie, T. J. Hilton, S. D. Heintze, R. Hickel, D. C. Watts, N. Silikas, J. W. Stansbury, M. Cadenaro, J. L. Ferracane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

138 Scopus citations


Objective The objective of this project, which was initiated from the Academy of Dental Materials, was to review and critically appraise methods to determine fracture, deformation and wear resistance of dental resin composites, in an attempt to provide guidance for investigators endeavoring to study these properties for these materials. Methods Test methods have been ranked in the priority of the specific property being tested, as well as of the specific test methods for evaluating that property. Focus was placed on the tests that are considered to be of the highest priority in terms of being the most useful, applicable, supported by the literature, and which show a correlation with clinical findings. Others are mentioned briefly for the purpose of being inclusive. When a standard test method exists, including those used in other fields, these have been identified in the beginning of each section. Also, some examples from the resin composite literature are included for each test method. Results The properties for evaluating resin composites were ranked in the priority of measurement as following: (1) Strength, Elastic Modulus, Fracture toughness, Fatigue, Indentation Hardness, Wear—abrasion (third body) and Wear—attrition (contact/two body), (2) Toughness, Edge strength (chipping) and (3) Wear determined by toothbrush. Significance The following guidance is meant to aid the researcher in choosing the proper method to assess key properties of dental resin composites with regard to their fracture, deformation and wear resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)880-894
Number of pages15
JournalDental Materials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2017


  • Deformation
  • Elastic modulus
  • Fracture
  • Hardness
  • Strength
  • Toughness
  • Wear resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials


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