Abnormal myocardial blood flow in children with mild/moderate aortic stenosis

Erin Madriago, Ronald Wells, David J. Sahn, Brian S. Diggs, Stephen M. Langley, Daniel J. Woodward, Michael Jerosch-Herold, Michael Silberbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective To quantify myocardial blood flow in infants and children with mild or moderate aortic stenosis using adenosine-infusion cardiac magnetic resonance. Background It is unclear whether asymptomatic children with mild/moderate aortic stenosis have myocardial abnormalities. In addition, cardiac magnetic resonance-determined normative myocardial blood flow data in children have not been reported. Methods We studied 31 infants and children with either haemodynamically normal hearts (n=20, controls) or mild/moderate aortic stenosis (n=11). The left ventricular myocardium was divided into six segments, and the change in average segmental signal intensity during contrast transit was used to quantify absolute flow (ml/g/minute) at rest and during adenosine infusion by deconvolution of the tissue curves with the arterial input of contrast. Results In all the cases, adenosine was well tolerated without complications. The mean pressure gradient between the left ventricle and the ascending aorta was higher in the aortic stenosis group compared with controls (24 versus 3 mmHg, p<0.001). Left ventricular wall mass was slightly higher in the aortic stenosis group compared with controls (65 versus 50 g/m2, p<0.05). After adenosine treatment, both the absolute increase in myocardial blood flow (p<0.0001) and the hyperaemic flow significantly decreased (p<0.001) in children with mild/moderate aortic stenosis compared with controls. Conclusion Abnormal myocardial blood flow in children with mild/moderate aortic stenosis may be an important therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1358-1366
Number of pages9
JournalCardiology in the young
Volume25
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014

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Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease
  • aortic stenosis
  • contrast media
  • fibrosis
  • perfusion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Madriago, E., Wells, R., Sahn, D. J., Diggs, B. S., Langley, S. M., Woodward, D. J., Jerosch-Herold, M., & Silberbach, M. (2014). Abnormal myocardial blood flow in children with mild/moderate aortic stenosis. Cardiology in the young, 25(7), 1358-1366. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1047951114002583