Aberrations induced in wavefront-guided laser refractive surgery due to shifts between natural and dilated pupil center locations

Jason Porter, Geunyoung Yoon, Diana Lozano, Jessica Wolfing, Remy Tumbar, Scott MacRae, Ian G. Cox, David R. Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the aberrations induced in wavefront-guided laser refractive surgery due to shifts in pupil center location from when aberrations are measured preoperatively (over a dilated pupil) to when they are corrected surgically (over a natural pupil). SETTING: Center for Visual Science and Department of Ophthalmology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA. METHODS: Shifts in pupil center were measured between dilated phenylephrine hydrochloride (Neo-Synephrine [2.5%]) and nonpharmacological mesopic conditions in 65 myopic eyes treated with wavefront-guided laser in situ keratomileusis (Technolas 217z, Bausch & Lomb). Each patient's preoperative and 6-month postoperative wave aberrations were measured over the dilated pupil. Aberrations theoretically induced by decentration of a wavefront-guided ablation were calculated and compared with those measured 6 months postoperatively (6.0 mm pupil). RESULTS: The mean magnitude of pupil center shift was 0.29 mm ± 0.141 (SD) and usually occurred in the inferonasal direction as the pupil dilated. Depending on the magnitude of shift, the fraction of the higher-order postoperative root-mean-square wavefront error that could be due theoretically to pupil center decentrations was highly variable (mean 0.26 ± 0.20 mm). There was little correlation between the calculated and 6-month postoperative wavefronts, most likely because pupil center decentrations are only 1 of several potential sources of postoperative aberrations. CONCLUSIONS: Measuring aberrations over a Neo-Synephrine-dilated pupil and treating them over an undilated pupil typically resulted in a shift of the wavefront-guided ablation in the superotemporal direction and an induction of higher-order aberrations. Methods referencing the aberration measurement and treatment with respect to a fixed feature on the eye will reduce the potential for inducing aberrations due to shifts in pupil center.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-32
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems

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