Abdominal aortitis due to streptococcus pneumoniae and Enterobacter aerogenes: A case report and review

Matthew T. Rondina, Kalani Raphael, Robert Pendleton, Merle A. Sande

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endovascular infections are 1 cause of fever of unknown origin. We describe a diagnostically challenging case of cryptogenic abdominal aortitis from Streptococcus pneumoniae and Enterobacter aerogenes. A 72-year-old male presented with epigastric pain, fevers, and chills. A computed tomography scan demonstrated enlargement and ulceration of the distal abdominal aorta, prompting urgent vascular surgery. Intraoperative tissue cultures grew S. pneumoniae and E. aerogenes and gatifloxacin was administered for 6 weeks. Spontaneous abdominal aortitis is uncommon and usually due to a single pathogen. This is the second reported case of polymicrobial infectious aortitis and to date, Enterobacter has only been reported in infected aortic grafts. Clinicians should maintain a high index of suspicion for infectious aortitis as the mortality, if only treated medically, approaches 100%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1-C3
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortitis
  • Enterobacter aerogenes
  • Infection
  • Streptococcus pneumoniae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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