A Weight Estimation Strategy for Preterm and Full-Term Infants

Susan M. Abdel-Rahman, Ian M. Paul, Paula Delmore, Laura James, Laura Fearn, Andrew Atz, Brenda Poindexter, Amira Al-Uzri, Andrew Lewandowski, Barrie Harper, P. Brian Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Weight is the foremost marker of health outcomes in infants; however, the majority of community workers and health care providers in remote, resource-constrained settings have limited access to functional scales. This study develops and validates a simple weight estimation strategy for infants that addresses the limitations of current approaches. Circumferential and segmental anthropometric measures were evaluated for their relationship to infant weight and length. Data derived from 2097 US infants (n = 1681 for model development, n = 416 for validation). Statistical and practical considerations informed final measurement selection. Head circumference and chest circumference demonstrated the best correlations with weight (r = 0.89) and length (r = 0.94 and 0.93), and were among the most reproducible as reflected by intraclass correlation coefficients (>0.98). The head circumference and chest circumference combination offered better goodness-of-fit and smaller limits of agreement than did either measure alone. The final model predicted weight within 10% and 15% of actual for 84% and 94% of infants, respectively, with no bias for postnatal age (P =.76), gestational age (P =.10), and sex (P =.25). The model requires simple summation to generate a weight estimate and can be embodied as a low-cost, paper-based device.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalGlobal Pediatric Health
Volume4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017

Keywords

  • abdomen
  • chest circumference
  • global health
  • pediatric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pediatrics

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