A systematic review of loneliness and social isolation scales used in epidemics and pandemics

Aparna Das, Kalpana P. Padala, Christina G. Crawford, Alan Teo, Diana M. Mendez, Olive A. Phillips, Benjamin C. Wright, Samuel House, Prasad R. Padala

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The COVID-19 pandemic has heightened social isolation and loneliness. There is a lack of consensus on rating scales to measure these constructs. Our objectives were to identify commonly used loneliness and social isolation scales over the last two decades and test their user characteristics. 7928 articles were searched in PubMed/MEDLINE, CINAHL, Web of Science, and APA PsychINFO databases. 41 articles were included based on study criteria. Among fourteen scales reported, UCLA 3-item loneliness scale was found to be most commonly used. The scale is specifically developed for telephone use and is the fastest taking less than a minute for self-administration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number114217
JournalPsychiatry Research
Volume306
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Loneliness
  • Rating scales
  • Social isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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