A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety

Wilson J. Brown, Allison K. Wilkerson, Stephen Boyd, Daniel Dewey, Franklin Mesa, Brian E. Bunnell

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present review examines the relations between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children and adolescents. The review begins with a detailed discussion of normative developmental trends in sleep, and the relation between sleep quality and emotion dysregulation in children. The extant literature on sleep disturbance in clinically anxious children with a focus on subjective versus objective measures of sleep is then summarized in detail. Finally, a review of the reciprocal relationship between sleep and emotion regulation is provided. The available research suggests that sleep disturbance is quite prevalent in children with anxiety disorders, although the directionality of the association between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children remains unclear. Despite this limitation, a reciprocal relationship between sleep quality and anxiety appears to be well established. Research using objective measures of sleep quality (e.g. polysomnography, sleep actigraphy, sleep bruxism) is warranted to better understand this relation. Further, complicating factors such as the environment in which sleep quality is measured, the developmental stage of participants, varying severity of anxiety and the timeframe during which assessment takes place should all be considered when examining sleep disturbance in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12635
JournalJournal of Sleep Research
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Fingerprint

Sleep
Anxiety
Emotions
Sleep Bruxism
Actigraphy
Polysomnography
Anxiety Disorders
Research

Keywords

  • actigraphy
  • anxiety disorders
  • childhood
  • polysomnography
  • sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Brown, W. J., Wilkerson, A. K., Boyd, S., Dewey, D., Mesa, F., & Bunnell, B. E. (2018). A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety. Journal of Sleep Research, 27(3), [e12635]. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12635

A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety. / Brown, Wilson J.; Wilkerson, Allison K.; Boyd, Stephen; Dewey, Daniel; Mesa, Franklin; Bunnell, Brian E.

In: Journal of Sleep Research, Vol. 27, No. 3, e12635, 01.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Brown, WJ, Wilkerson, AK, Boyd, S, Dewey, D, Mesa, F & Bunnell, BE 2018, 'A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety', Journal of Sleep Research, vol. 27, no. 3, e12635. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsr.12635
Brown, Wilson J. ; Wilkerson, Allison K. ; Boyd, Stephen ; Dewey, Daniel ; Mesa, Franklin ; Bunnell, Brian E. / A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety. In: Journal of Sleep Research. 2018 ; Vol. 27, No. 3.
@article{0f41e8a64fa640058614bbde5db30b22,
title = "A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety",
abstract = "The present review examines the relations between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children and adolescents. The review begins with a detailed discussion of normative developmental trends in sleep, and the relation between sleep quality and emotion dysregulation in children. The extant literature on sleep disturbance in clinically anxious children with a focus on subjective versus objective measures of sleep is then summarized in detail. Finally, a review of the reciprocal relationship between sleep and emotion regulation is provided. The available research suggests that sleep disturbance is quite prevalent in children with anxiety disorders, although the directionality of the association between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children remains unclear. Despite this limitation, a reciprocal relationship between sleep quality and anxiety appears to be well established. Research using objective measures of sleep quality (e.g. polysomnography, sleep actigraphy, sleep bruxism) is warranted to better understand this relation. Further, complicating factors such as the environment in which sleep quality is measured, the developmental stage of participants, varying severity of anxiety and the timeframe during which assessment takes place should all be considered when examining sleep disturbance in this population.",
keywords = "actigraphy, anxiety disorders, childhood, polysomnography, sleep",
author = "Brown, {Wilson J.} and Wilkerson, {Allison K.} and Stephen Boyd and Daniel Dewey and Franklin Mesa and Bunnell, {Brian E.}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jsr.12635",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "27",
journal = "Journal of Sleep Research",
issn = "0962-1105",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A review of sleep disturbance in children and adolescents with anxiety

AU - Brown, Wilson J.

AU - Wilkerson, Allison K.

AU - Boyd, Stephen

AU - Dewey, Daniel

AU - Mesa, Franklin

AU - Bunnell, Brian E.

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - The present review examines the relations between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children and adolescents. The review begins with a detailed discussion of normative developmental trends in sleep, and the relation between sleep quality and emotion dysregulation in children. The extant literature on sleep disturbance in clinically anxious children with a focus on subjective versus objective measures of sleep is then summarized in detail. Finally, a review of the reciprocal relationship between sleep and emotion regulation is provided. The available research suggests that sleep disturbance is quite prevalent in children with anxiety disorders, although the directionality of the association between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children remains unclear. Despite this limitation, a reciprocal relationship between sleep quality and anxiety appears to be well established. Research using objective measures of sleep quality (e.g. polysomnography, sleep actigraphy, sleep bruxism) is warranted to better understand this relation. Further, complicating factors such as the environment in which sleep quality is measured, the developmental stage of participants, varying severity of anxiety and the timeframe during which assessment takes place should all be considered when examining sleep disturbance in this population.

AB - The present review examines the relations between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children and adolescents. The review begins with a detailed discussion of normative developmental trends in sleep, and the relation between sleep quality and emotion dysregulation in children. The extant literature on sleep disturbance in clinically anxious children with a focus on subjective versus objective measures of sleep is then summarized in detail. Finally, a review of the reciprocal relationship between sleep and emotion regulation is provided. The available research suggests that sleep disturbance is quite prevalent in children with anxiety disorders, although the directionality of the association between sleep disturbance and anxiety in children remains unclear. Despite this limitation, a reciprocal relationship between sleep quality and anxiety appears to be well established. Research using objective measures of sleep quality (e.g. polysomnography, sleep actigraphy, sleep bruxism) is warranted to better understand this relation. Further, complicating factors such as the environment in which sleep quality is measured, the developmental stage of participants, varying severity of anxiety and the timeframe during which assessment takes place should all be considered when examining sleep disturbance in this population.

KW - actigraphy

KW - anxiety disorders

KW - childhood

KW - polysomnography

KW - sleep

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85047880016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85047880016&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jsr.12635

DO - 10.1111/jsr.12635

M3 - Review article

AN - SCOPUS:85047880016

VL - 27

JO - Journal of Sleep Research

JF - Journal of Sleep Research

SN - 0962-1105

IS - 3

M1 - e12635

ER -