A Review of Diagnosis and Service Disparities Among Children With Autism From Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in the United States

Amber M. Angell, Allison Empey, Katharine E. Zuckerman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

As rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the United States have continued to rise, there is evidence of racial and ethnic disparities in ASD prevalence and services access. Compared to White children, children from racial and ethnic minority groups are less likely to be diagnosed with ASD and more likely to be mis-diagnosed or diagnosed later; and once diagnosed, they receive fewer ASD services. In this article, we review current knowledge about ASD disparities, including the complex and multifaceted causes. We highlight areas where further research is needed. Finally, we review promising practices to address ASD disparities, arguing that efforts to reduce disparities are needed at multiple levels such as parent education, widespread adoption of screening in healthcare and community settings, and effective interventions developed for community and school settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationInternational Review of Research in Developmental Disabilities
EditorsRobert M. Hodapp, Deborah J. Fidler
PublisherAcademic Press Inc.
Pages145-180
Number of pages36
ISBN (Print)9780128150900
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Publication series

NameInternational Review of Research in Developmental Disabilities
Volume55
ISSN (Print)2211-6095

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Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Diagnosis
  • Disparities
  • Services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Angell, A. M., Empey, A., & Zuckerman, K. E. (2018). A Review of Diagnosis and Service Disparities Among Children With Autism From Racial and Ethnic Minority Groups in the United States. In R. M. Hodapp, & D. J. Fidler (Eds.), International Review of Research in Developmental Disabilities (pp. 145-180). (International Review of Research in Developmental Disabilities; Vol. 55). Academic Press Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.irrdd.2018.08.003