A prospective study of the diagnostic accuracy of PillCam ESO esophageal capsule endoscopy versus conventional upper endoscopy in patients with chronic gastroesophageal reflux diseases

Rami Eliakim, Virender K. Sharma, Kamel Yassin, Samuel N. Adler, Harold Jacob, David R. Cave, Ritu Sachdev, Roger D. Mitty, Dirk Hartmann, Dieter Schilling, Jurgen F. Riemann, Simon Bar-Meir, Eytan Bardan, Brian Fennerty, Glenn Eisen, Douglas Faigel, Blair S. Lewis, David E. Fleischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Endoscopy is commonly performed to evaluate for suspected or established esophageal diseases including gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and its complications. The newly developed PillCam ESO Esophageal Capsule offers an alternative approach to visualize the esophagus and to evaluate patients with suspected esophageal disease. Aim: Compare the accuracy (specificity, sensitivity, positive predictive value [PPV], and negative predictive value [NPV]) of esophageal capsule endoscopy (ECE) compared with esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in evaluating patients with GERD. Methods: A multicenter pivotal trial was conducted at seven sites. The PillCam ESO esophageal capsule is similar to the standard capsule endoscope used for the small bowel but acquires video images from both ends of the device at 2 frames/second/end. A total of 106 patients (93 GERD; 13 Barrett) underwent ECE followed by EGD. ECE videos were evaluated by an investigator blinded to EGD findings. A blinded adjudication committee reviewed all discrepant findings between ECE and EGD. Results: Sixty-six of 106 patients had positive esophageal findings, ECE identified esophageal abnormalities in 61 (sensitivity, 92%; specificity, 95%). The per-protocol sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of ECE for Barrett esophagus were 97%, 99%, 97%, and 99%, respectively, and for esophagitis 89%, 99%, 97%, and 94%, respectively. ECE was preferred over EGD by all patients. There were no adverse events related to ECE. Conclusions: ECE is a convenient and sensitive method for visualization of esophageal mucosal pathology and may provide an effective method to evaluate patients for esophageal disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)572-578
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Volume39
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

Keywords

  • Barrett's esophagus
  • Capsule endoscopy
  • Esophageal diseases
  • Esophagus
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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