Background: The increasing prevalence of chronic heart failure has stimulated the ongoing development of left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) for both bridge-to-transplant (BTT) and destination therapy (DT). The aim of this prospective, multicenter clinical trial was to determine the efficacy and safety of a third-generation LVAD, the VentrAssist, in a BTT cohort. Methods: Patients (n = 33) with end-stage chronic heart failure who required circulatory support as BTT therapy were implanted with a VentrAssist device. The primary outcome was survival until transplant or transplant eligibility with the device in situ at trial end-point (Day 154 after implant). The secondary outcomes were pump flow index and end-organ function. Safety, patient functional status and resource use were also assessed. Results: At trial end-point, the success rate was 82% (39.4% transplanted, 42.4% transplant-eligible). The LVAD pump flow index (median ≥2.7 liters/min/m2) was sufficient to maintain an adequate circulation and significantly improve end-organ function. Of the 77 protocol-defined serious adverse events, most occurred within 30 days of implantation. No patients died as a direct result of pump failure or malfunction. After implantation, patient functional status improved, with 70% of patients achieving hospital discharge, and resource use was reduced. Conclusions: This trial demonstrated a favorable efficacy and safety profile for use of the VentrAssist LVAD in BTT patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine