A phase II trial of sequential chemotherapy with docetaxel and methotrexate followed by gemcitabine and cisplatin for metastatic urothelial cancer

Andrew Artz, Walter M. Stadler, Nicholas J. Vogelzang, Todd Zimmerman, Christopher Ryan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    7 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Administration of noncross-resistant agents in a sequential fashion may improve outcome by targeting tumor cells with different sensitivity profiles. We evaluated the toxicity and response rate of docetaxel and methotrexate (DM) followed by gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC) in patients with metastatic or unresectable transitional cell carcinoma of the urothelium. Patients received 3 cycles of DM (40 mg/m2 methotrexate on days 1 and 8 and 100 mg/m 2 docetaxel on day 8 repeated every 21 days) followed by GC (1000 mg/m2 gemcitabine on days 1 and 8 and 75 mg/m2 cisplatin on day 1 repeated every 21 days). The most common toxicities were hematologic, with grade 3/4 neutropenia and thrombocytopenia observed in 4 and 2 patients, respectively. Four partial responses were observed after DM (4 of 12, 33% response rate) and 6 responses (3 partial response, 3 complete response, 6 of 9, 67% response rate) after GC for an overall response rate of 7 of 13 (54%). Three patients who progressed on DM responded to GC and 3 responders to DM achieved further response to GC. The median overall survival was 13.6 months. Although we do not recommend this particular sequence of chemotherapy for further study, the uncompromised median survival and the ability to salvage responses with GC suggest that testing of novel agents in sequence with GC is a feasible strategy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)109-113
    Number of pages5
    JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials
    Volume28
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Apr 1 2005

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    Keywords

    • Antineoplastic combined chemotherapy protocols
    • Carcinoma
    • Drug evaluation
    • Transitional cell

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Oncology
    • Cancer Research

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