Purpose: To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), toxicities, and pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profile of the Hsp90 inhibitor PF-04929113 (SNX-5422) in patients with advanced solid tumors and lymphomas. Methods: This was a single-institution, phase I, dose-escalation study of PF-04929113 administered twice weekly. Endpoints included determination of dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), MTD, the safety profile of PF-04929113, pharmacodynamic assessment of PF-04929113 on Hsp70 induction, pharmacokinetic analysis of PF-04928473 (SNX-2112) and its prodrug PF-04929113, and assessment of response. Results: Thirty-three patients with advancedmalignancies were treated. Dose escalation was continued up to 177 mg/m2 administered orally twice a week. One DLT (nonseptic arthritis) was noted. No grade 4 drugrelated adverse events were seen; grade 3 adverse events included diarrhea (9%), nonseptic arthritis (3%), aspartateaminotransferase elevation (3%), and thrombocytopenia (3%).Noobjective responses were seen in 32 evaluable patients. Fifteen patients (47%) had stable disease; 17 patients (53%) had progressive disease. Pharmacokinetic data revealed rapid absorption, hepatic, and extrahepatic clearance, extensive tissue binding, and almost linear pharmacokinetics of the active drug PF-04928473. Pharmacodynamic studies confirmed inhibition of Hsp90 and a linear correlation between pharmacokinetic parameters and Hsp70 induction. Conclusions: PF-04929113 administered orally twice a week is well tolerated and inhibits its intended target Hsp90. No objective responses were seen, but long-lasting stabilizations were obtained. Although no clinically significant drug-related ocular toxicity was seen in this study, the development of PF-04929113 has been discontinued because of ocular toxicity seen in animal models and in a separate phase I study.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research