A Person-Centered Personality Approach to Heterogeneity in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Michelle M. Martel, Timothy Goth-Owens, Cecilia Martinez-Torteya, Joel Nigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Person-centered personality approaches are an underused means of illuminating clinical heterogeneity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In the present study, latent profile analysis was conducted with personality traits to identify homogeneous profiles within the ADHD population. Participants were 548 children ages 6-18 years (302 with ADHD). Personality traits were measured via parent report on the California Q-Sort (A. Caspi et al., 1992). Latent profile analysis was conducted on the Big 5 factors. A 6-profile solution best fit the data. Resulting groups were characterized as "disagreeable," "introverted," "poor control," "well adjusted," "extraverted," and "perfectionistic." External validation of this model using ADHD diagnosis, subtypes, and comorbid psychopathology suggested that children with ADHD could be parsed into 4 groups: (a) an introverted group with high rates of the ADHD-inattentive type, (b) a group characterized by poor control, with high rates of ADHD-combined type (ADHD-C) and comorbid disruptive behavior disorders, (c) an extraverted group, with ADHD-C and few associated comorbid disorders, and (c) possibly, a very rare "perfectionistic" group, exhibiting obsessive traits. A person-centered personality approach may be one promising way to capture homogeneous subgroups within the ADHD population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-196
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume119
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Personality
Q-Sort
Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders
Psychopathology
Population

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • children
  • comorbidity
  • latent profile analysis
  • personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

A Person-Centered Personality Approach to Heterogeneity in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). / Martel, Michelle M.; Goth-Owens, Timothy; Martinez-Torteya, Cecilia; Nigg, Joel.

In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology, Vol. 119, No. 1, 02.2010, p. 186-196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martel, Michelle M. ; Goth-Owens, Timothy ; Martinez-Torteya, Cecilia ; Nigg, Joel. / A Person-Centered Personality Approach to Heterogeneity in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). In: Journal of Abnormal Psychology. 2010 ; Vol. 119, No. 1. pp. 186-196.
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