A novel Arabidopsis type 1 protein phosphatase is highly expressed in male and female tissues and functionally complements a conditional cell cycle mutant of Aspergillus

A. Arundhati, H. Feiler, J. Traas, H. Zhang, P. A. Lunness, J. H. Doonan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

Type 1 protein phosphatases are very highly conserved throughout eukaryotes where they regulate a number of key metabolic and morphogenetic processes. A cDNA, AtPP1bg, representing a new member of the type 1 protein phosphatase gene family in Arabidopsis has been isolated on the basis of hybridization with the Aspergillus bimG protein phosphatase gene. The AtPP1bg gene potentially encodes a 37 kDa protein very closely related to PP1 but with divergent N‐ and C‐termini. The predicted amino acid sequence shows 71% identity to the ORF of the bimG gene. When expressed in Aspergillus under the alcA promoter, this phosphatase complements the temperature‐sensitive bimG11 mutation allowing nearly normal vegetative growth at 37°C (but not at 42°C). Notably, the plant PP1 does not support morphogenesis (conidiation) at 37°C. This may indicate that conidophore formation has particular phosphatase requirement(s) which the plant PP1 cannot supply. The pattern of expression of the AtPP1bg transcript has been studied during development of the plant. In situ hybridization of Arabidopsis with antisense probes shows that this phosphatase gene is expressed at a low level throughout the plant, but is strongly upregulated within developing flowers, especially in the tapetum, the developing and mature pollen and in the ovaries. This implies that the AtPP1bg either has a specialized role in the formation of these organs, or that there is an increased requirement for protein phosphatase 1 at these stages. It was found that the level of AtPP1bg transcript, as judged by the relative intensity of staining in different cells within the floral meristems, did not vary during the cell cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)823-834
Number of pages12
JournalThe Plant Journal
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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