A new method of assessing ability to perform activities of daily living

Design, methods and baseline data

Luciano Lorenzana, Dara Lankaranian, Jyoti Dugar, Jason Mayer, Neal Palejwala, Kaushal Kulkarni, Kevin Warrian, Zarana Boghara, Jesse Richman, Sheryl Wizov, George Spaeth, Juliana Almodin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To describe study protocol and baseline characteristics of initial subjects. Methods: Prospective study of 194 glaucoma patients. After informed consent, patients were evaluated using a third-generation, performance-based measure, Assessment of Disability Related to Vision (ADREV), nine tasks to simulate daily living activities; including: reading in reduced illumination, recognizing facial expression, detecting motion, recognizing street signs, locating objects, ambulating, placing pegs into different sized holes, telephoning, and matching socks. All patients completed clinical tests including visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetric Retinopathy Study [ETDRS]), monocular and binocular visual fields, contrast sensitivity, stereopsis, and National Eye Institute's Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). Main outcome measures are scores on subtests, total scores of ADREV and NEI VFQ-25. Results: Mean age was 67.1 years; 51% were female, 55% were of European extraction. Seventy-two percent had open-angle glaucoma. Visual acuity (logMAR) ranged from-0.18 to 2.20, visual field mean defect ranged from-32.68 to 2.62, Binocular field score ranged from 5 to 100 and contrast sensitivity score ranged from 0 to 1.8. While ADREV score ranges from 0 (total disability) to 63 (no disability), total ADREV score ranged from 3.0 to 61.7. Total NEI VFQ-25 score ranged from 17.8 (low score indicates incapable) to 100 (high score indicates not hindered). Conclusions: Methodology of this study should provide information about disability caused by visual loss, specifically glaucoma, how difficulties in performing activities relate to standard clinical tests, and how they correlate to quality of life from patient's point of view. Subsequent papers will delineate findings and discuss their application.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalOphthalmic Epidemiology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aptitude
Activities of Daily Living
Contrast Sensitivity
Visual Fields
Glaucoma
Visual Acuity
National Eye Institute (U.S.)
Depth Perception
Facial Expression
Open Angle Glaucoma
Informed Consent
Lighting
Reading
Quality of Life
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Disability
  • Glaucoma
  • Performance-based measures of visual function
  • Visual function
  • Visual performance assessment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Epidemiology

Cite this

Lorenzana, L., Lankaranian, D., Dugar, J., Mayer, J., Palejwala, N., Kulkarni, K., ... Almodin, J. (2009). A new method of assessing ability to perform activities of daily living: Design, methods and baseline data. Ophthalmic Epidemiology, 16(2), 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1080/09286580902738142

A new method of assessing ability to perform activities of daily living : Design, methods and baseline data. / Lorenzana, Luciano; Lankaranian, Dara; Dugar, Jyoti; Mayer, Jason; Palejwala, Neal; Kulkarni, Kaushal; Warrian, Kevin; Boghara, Zarana; Richman, Jesse; Wizov, Sheryl; Spaeth, George; Almodin, Juliana.

In: Ophthalmic Epidemiology, Vol. 16, No. 2, 04.2009, p. 107-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lorenzana, L, Lankaranian, D, Dugar, J, Mayer, J, Palejwala, N, Kulkarni, K, Warrian, K, Boghara, Z, Richman, J, Wizov, S, Spaeth, G & Almodin, J 2009, 'A new method of assessing ability to perform activities of daily living: Design, methods and baseline data', Ophthalmic Epidemiology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 107-114. https://doi.org/10.1080/09286580902738142
Lorenzana, Luciano ; Lankaranian, Dara ; Dugar, Jyoti ; Mayer, Jason ; Palejwala, Neal ; Kulkarni, Kaushal ; Warrian, Kevin ; Boghara, Zarana ; Richman, Jesse ; Wizov, Sheryl ; Spaeth, George ; Almodin, Juliana. / A new method of assessing ability to perform activities of daily living : Design, methods and baseline data. In: Ophthalmic Epidemiology. 2009 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 107-114.
@article{45591110ed514da09dcd0bb8f97dca2a,
title = "A new method of assessing ability to perform activities of daily living: Design, methods and baseline data",
abstract = "Purpose: To describe study protocol and baseline characteristics of initial subjects. Methods: Prospective study of 194 glaucoma patients. After informed consent, patients were evaluated using a third-generation, performance-based measure, Assessment of Disability Related to Vision (ADREV), nine tasks to simulate daily living activities; including: reading in reduced illumination, recognizing facial expression, detecting motion, recognizing street signs, locating objects, ambulating, placing pegs into different sized holes, telephoning, and matching socks. All patients completed clinical tests including visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetric Retinopathy Study [ETDRS]), monocular and binocular visual fields, contrast sensitivity, stereopsis, and National Eye Institute's Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). Main outcome measures are scores on subtests, total scores of ADREV and NEI VFQ-25. Results: Mean age was 67.1 years; 51{\%} were female, 55{\%} were of European extraction. Seventy-two percent had open-angle glaucoma. Visual acuity (logMAR) ranged from-0.18 to 2.20, visual field mean defect ranged from-32.68 to 2.62, Binocular field score ranged from 5 to 100 and contrast sensitivity score ranged from 0 to 1.8. While ADREV score ranges from 0 (total disability) to 63 (no disability), total ADREV score ranged from 3.0 to 61.7. Total NEI VFQ-25 score ranged from 17.8 (low score indicates incapable) to 100 (high score indicates not hindered). Conclusions: Methodology of this study should provide information about disability caused by visual loss, specifically glaucoma, how difficulties in performing activities relate to standard clinical tests, and how they correlate to quality of life from patient's point of view. Subsequent papers will delineate findings and discuss their application.",
keywords = "Activities of daily living, Disability, Glaucoma, Performance-based measures of visual function, Visual function, Visual performance assessment",
author = "Luciano Lorenzana and Dara Lankaranian and Jyoti Dugar and Jason Mayer and Neal Palejwala and Kaushal Kulkarni and Kevin Warrian and Zarana Boghara and Jesse Richman and Sheryl Wizov and George Spaeth and Juliana Almodin",
year = "2009",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1080/09286580902738142",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "107--114",
journal = "Ophthalmic Epidemiology",
issn = "0928-6586",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A new method of assessing ability to perform activities of daily living

T2 - Design, methods and baseline data

AU - Lorenzana, Luciano

AU - Lankaranian, Dara

AU - Dugar, Jyoti

AU - Mayer, Jason

AU - Palejwala, Neal

AU - Kulkarni, Kaushal

AU - Warrian, Kevin

AU - Boghara, Zarana

AU - Richman, Jesse

AU - Wizov, Sheryl

AU - Spaeth, George

AU - Almodin, Juliana

PY - 2009/4

Y1 - 2009/4

N2 - Purpose: To describe study protocol and baseline characteristics of initial subjects. Methods: Prospective study of 194 glaucoma patients. After informed consent, patients were evaluated using a third-generation, performance-based measure, Assessment of Disability Related to Vision (ADREV), nine tasks to simulate daily living activities; including: reading in reduced illumination, recognizing facial expression, detecting motion, recognizing street signs, locating objects, ambulating, placing pegs into different sized holes, telephoning, and matching socks. All patients completed clinical tests including visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetric Retinopathy Study [ETDRS]), monocular and binocular visual fields, contrast sensitivity, stereopsis, and National Eye Institute's Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). Main outcome measures are scores on subtests, total scores of ADREV and NEI VFQ-25. Results: Mean age was 67.1 years; 51% were female, 55% were of European extraction. Seventy-two percent had open-angle glaucoma. Visual acuity (logMAR) ranged from-0.18 to 2.20, visual field mean defect ranged from-32.68 to 2.62, Binocular field score ranged from 5 to 100 and contrast sensitivity score ranged from 0 to 1.8. While ADREV score ranges from 0 (total disability) to 63 (no disability), total ADREV score ranged from 3.0 to 61.7. Total NEI VFQ-25 score ranged from 17.8 (low score indicates incapable) to 100 (high score indicates not hindered). Conclusions: Methodology of this study should provide information about disability caused by visual loss, specifically glaucoma, how difficulties in performing activities relate to standard clinical tests, and how they correlate to quality of life from patient's point of view. Subsequent papers will delineate findings and discuss their application.

AB - Purpose: To describe study protocol and baseline characteristics of initial subjects. Methods: Prospective study of 194 glaucoma patients. After informed consent, patients were evaluated using a third-generation, performance-based measure, Assessment of Disability Related to Vision (ADREV), nine tasks to simulate daily living activities; including: reading in reduced illumination, recognizing facial expression, detecting motion, recognizing street signs, locating objects, ambulating, placing pegs into different sized holes, telephoning, and matching socks. All patients completed clinical tests including visual acuity (Early Treatment Diabetric Retinopathy Study [ETDRS]), monocular and binocular visual fields, contrast sensitivity, stereopsis, and National Eye Institute's Visual Functioning Questionnaire (NEI VFQ-25). Main outcome measures are scores on subtests, total scores of ADREV and NEI VFQ-25. Results: Mean age was 67.1 years; 51% were female, 55% were of European extraction. Seventy-two percent had open-angle glaucoma. Visual acuity (logMAR) ranged from-0.18 to 2.20, visual field mean defect ranged from-32.68 to 2.62, Binocular field score ranged from 5 to 100 and contrast sensitivity score ranged from 0 to 1.8. While ADREV score ranges from 0 (total disability) to 63 (no disability), total ADREV score ranged from 3.0 to 61.7. Total NEI VFQ-25 score ranged from 17.8 (low score indicates incapable) to 100 (high score indicates not hindered). Conclusions: Methodology of this study should provide information about disability caused by visual loss, specifically glaucoma, how difficulties in performing activities relate to standard clinical tests, and how they correlate to quality of life from patient's point of view. Subsequent papers will delineate findings and discuss their application.

KW - Activities of daily living

KW - Disability

KW - Glaucoma

KW - Performance-based measures of visual function

KW - Visual function

KW - Visual performance assessment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=65449134872&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=65449134872&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09286580902738142

DO - 10.1080/09286580902738142

M3 - Article

VL - 16

SP - 107

EP - 114

JO - Ophthalmic Epidemiology

JF - Ophthalmic Epidemiology

SN - 0928-6586

IS - 2

ER -