A new measure of children's optimism and pessimism: The youth life orientation test

Sydney Ey, Wendy Hadley, Deanna Nuttbrock Allen, Shawna Palmer, James Klosky, Daneen Deptula, Jay Thomas, Robert Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Optimism and pessimism are positive and negative expectations linked with well-being in adults. Research on the importance of optimism and pessimism in children is limited by the lack of a developmentally appropriate measure of children's expectations. Method: Based upon the Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994), the Youth Life Orientation Test (YLOT) is a sixteen-item self-report measure of children's optimism and pessimism. Results: Reliability and validity of the YLOT was found with 204 3rd-6th graders. Optimism also predicted fewer child-reported depressive symptoms and parent-reported behavior problems assessed three months later. Pessimism predicted more child-reported anxiety symptoms and parent-reported social and academic deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)548-558
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reproducibility of Results
Self Report
Anxiety
Optimism
Pessimism
Depression
Research
Problem Behavior

Keywords

  • Children's optimism and pessimism
  • Measure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

A new measure of children's optimism and pessimism : The youth life orientation test. / Ey, Sydney; Hadley, Wendy; Allen, Deanna Nuttbrock; Palmer, Shawna; Klosky, James; Deptula, Daneen; Thomas, Jay; Cohen, Robert.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Vol. 46, No. 5, 05.2005, p. 548-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ey, Sydney ; Hadley, Wendy ; Allen, Deanna Nuttbrock ; Palmer, Shawna ; Klosky, James ; Deptula, Daneen ; Thomas, Jay ; Cohen, Robert. / A new measure of children's optimism and pessimism : The youth life orientation test. In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 2005 ; Vol. 46, No. 5. pp. 548-558.
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