A new measure of children's optimism and pessimism

The youth life orientation test

Sydney Ey, Wendy Hadley, Deanna Nuttbrock Allen, Shawna Palmer, James Klosky, Daneen Deptula, Jay Thomas, Robert Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

71 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Optimism and pessimism are positive and negative expectations linked with well-being in adults. Research on the importance of optimism and pessimism in children is limited by the lack of a developmentally appropriate measure of children's expectations. Method: Based upon the Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier, Carver, & Bridges, 1994), the Youth Life Orientation Test (YLOT) is a sixteen-item self-report measure of children's optimism and pessimism. Results: Reliability and validity of the YLOT was found with 204 3rd-6th graders. Optimism also predicted fewer child-reported depressive symptoms and parent-reported behavior problems assessed three months later. Pessimism predicted more child-reported anxiety symptoms and parent-reported social and academic deficits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)548-558
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Reproducibility of Results
Self Report
Anxiety
Optimism
Pessimism
Depression
Research
Problem Behavior

Keywords

  • Children's optimism and pessimism
  • Measure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

A new measure of children's optimism and pessimism : The youth life orientation test. / Ey, Sydney; Hadley, Wendy; Allen, Deanna Nuttbrock; Palmer, Shawna; Klosky, James; Deptula, Daneen; Thomas, Jay; Cohen, Robert.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Vol. 46, No. 5, 05.2005, p. 548-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ey, Sydney ; Hadley, Wendy ; Allen, Deanna Nuttbrock ; Palmer, Shawna ; Klosky, James ; Deptula, Daneen ; Thomas, Jay ; Cohen, Robert. / A new measure of children's optimism and pessimism : The youth life orientation test. In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines. 2005 ; Vol. 46, No. 5. pp. 548-558.
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