A New Classification for Facial Pain

Kim Burchiel, Charles J. Hodge, Yücel Kanpolat, Stephen J. Haines, Björn Meyerson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

196 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: A patient-oriented classification scheme for facial pains commonly encountered in neurosurgical practice is proposed. CONCEPT: This classification is driven principally by the patient's history. RATIONALE: The scheme incorporates descriptions for so-called "atypical" trigeminal neuralgias and facial pains but minimizes the pejorative, accepting that the physiology of neuropathic pains could reasonably encompass a variety of pain sensations, both episodic and constant. Seven diagnostic labels result: trigeminal neuralgia Types 1 and 2 refer to patients with the spontaneous onset of facial pain and either predominant episodic or constant pain, respectively. Trigeminal neuropathic pain results from unintentional injury to the trigeminal nerve from trauma or surgery, whereas trigeminal deafferentation pain results from injury to the nerve by peripheral nerve ablation, gangliolysis, or rhizotomy in an intentional attempt to treat either trigeminal neuralgia or other facial pain. Postherpetic neuralgia follows a cutaneous herpes zoster outbreak (shingles) in the trigeminal distribution, and symptomatic trigeminal neuralgia results from multiple sclerosis. The final category, atypical facial pain, is synonymous with facial pain secondary to a somato-form pain disorder. Atypical facial pain can be suspected but not diagnosed by history and can be diagnosed only with detailed and objective psychological testing. CONCLUSION: This diagnostic classification would allow more rigorous and objective natural history and outcome studies of facial pain in the future.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1164-1167
Number of pages4
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume53
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 2003

Fingerprint

Facial Pain
Trigeminal Neuralgia
Herpes Zoster
Neuralgia
Trigeminal Nerve Injuries
Rhizotomy
Postherpetic Neuralgia
Pain
Somatoform Disorders
Wounds and Injuries
Natural History
Peripheral Nerves
Multiple Sclerosis
Disease Outbreaks
History
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Psychology
Skin

Keywords

  • Classification
  • Facial pain
  • Trigeminal neuralgia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery

Cite this

Burchiel, K., Hodge, C. J., Kanpolat, Y., Haines, S. J., & Meyerson, B. (2003). A New Classification for Facial Pain. Neurosurgery, 53(5), 1164-1167.

A New Classification for Facial Pain. / Burchiel, Kim; Hodge, Charles J.; Kanpolat, Yücel; Haines, Stephen J.; Meyerson, Björn.

In: Neurosurgery, Vol. 53, No. 5, 11.2003, p. 1164-1167.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Burchiel, K, Hodge, CJ, Kanpolat, Y, Haines, SJ & Meyerson, B 2003, 'A New Classification for Facial Pain', Neurosurgery, vol. 53, no. 5, pp. 1164-1167.
Burchiel K, Hodge CJ, Kanpolat Y, Haines SJ, Meyerson B. A New Classification for Facial Pain. Neurosurgery. 2003 Nov;53(5):1164-1167.
Burchiel, Kim ; Hodge, Charles J. ; Kanpolat, Yücel ; Haines, Stephen J. ; Meyerson, Björn. / A New Classification for Facial Pain. In: Neurosurgery. 2003 ; Vol. 53, No. 5. pp. 1164-1167.
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