A Multicenter, Prospective, Randomized, Parallel-Group Trial on the Effects of Temporary Methotrexate Discontinuation for One Week Versus Two Weeks on Seasonal Influenza Vaccination in Patients With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Jin Kyun Park, Yun Jong Lee, Kichul Shin, Eun Ha Kang, You Jung Ha, Jun Won Park, Min Jung Kim, Mi Hyeon Kim, Se Rim Choi, Youjin Jung, Ju Ho Lee, Ji In Jung, Ju Yeon Kim, Kevin L. Winthrop, Eun Bong Lee

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Abstract

Objective: This clinical trial was conducted to investigate whether discontinuing methotrexate (MTX) for 1 week after seasonal influenza vaccination is noninferior to discontinuing for 2 weeks after vaccination in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, parallel-group noninferiority trial, RA patients receiving a stable dose of MTX were randomly assigned at a ratio of 1:1 to discontinue MTX for 1 week or for 2 weeks after they received the quadrivalent 2021–2022 seasonal influenza vaccine containing H1N1, H3N2, B/Yamagata, and B/Victoria strains. The primary outcome measure was the proportion of patients with a satisfactory vaccine response, which was defined as ≥4-fold increase in antibody titers, as determined with the hemagglutination inhibition assay, against ≥2 of the 4 vaccine strains at 4 weeks after vaccination. Results: The modified intent-to-treat population included 90 patients in the 1-week MTX hold group and 88 patients in the 2-week MTX hold group. The mean ± SD MTX doses were 12.6 ± 3.4 mg/week in the 1-week MTX hold group and 12.9 ± 3.3 mg/week in the 2-week MTX hold group. The proportion of satisfactory vaccine responses did not differ between the groups (68.9% versus 75.0%; P = 0.364). The rate of seroprotection and the fold increase in antibody titers for each of the 4 influenza antigens were similar between the groups. Conclusion: A temporary discontinuation of MTX for 1 week after vaccination was noninferior to a discontinuation of MTX for 2 weeks after vaccination, regarding induction of a satisfactory vaccine response to a seasonal influenza vaccine in patients with RA receiving a stable dose of MTX. (Figure presented.).

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalArthritis and Rheumatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology

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