Extracardiac factors such as respiration, fluid overload and body habitus have important effects on the ECG voltage. Vectorcardiographic (VCG) Global Electrical Heterogeneity (GEH) is associated with sudden cardiac death (SCD). Risk of SCD is especially high in end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD) on dialysis. However, extracardiac factors challenge ECG interpretation in ESRD patients. The effects of extracardiac factors on GEH have not been fully studied. To assess effects of extracardiac factors on ECG, we conducted a multi-scale study. An experimental data of ESRD patients and a previously developed biophysically detailed heart-torso model were used to investigate the effects of respiration, fluid overload and body habitus on the VCG and GEH.