A mammalian somatic 'cell cycle' mutant defective in G1

Robert (Mike) Liskay

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Abstract

Variants or 'mutants' temperature sensitive (ts) for growth were isolated by selection from a near diploid mouse cell line. Thus far, 10 ts mutants which grow normally at 33°C, but not at 39°C, were isolated. These ts mutants were then studied to determine if any manifested their defect at a unique point or stage in the cell cycle. This type of ts mutant is termed a 'cell cycle' mutant. The first screen involves observing individual cells of an asynchronous culture for residual division after a shift from 33°C (permissive temperature) to 39° (nonpermissive temperature). A cell cycle mutant should show some fraction of the cells dividing only once at a normal rate after the shift. The ts variant B54 met this first criterion for a cell cycle mutant (i.e., 50% residual division) and was further analyzed. The second screening technique monitors the rate of entry into S, the length of G2, and the rate and duration of cells entering mitosis after a shift of an asynchronous culture to 39°. This experiment with B54 revealed that cells in G1 at the time of the shift to 39° failed to enter S while cells already into S completed the cycle at 39°. These results suggest that B54 is defective in a G1 function which is required for entry into S, but which is no longer needed once cells have entered S. Other results are presented which also support this hypothesis. In addition the ts function of B54 is apparently required for recovery from a 'high density' G1 arrest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-56
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume84
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1974
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Physiology

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