A mammalian oocyte-specific linker histone gene H1oo: Homology with the genes for the oocyte-specific cleavage stage histone (cs-H1) of sea urchin and the B4/H1M histone of the frog

M. Tanaka, Jon Hennebold, J. Macfarlane, E. Y. Adashi

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183 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Oocytes and early embryos of multiple (non-mammalian) species lack the somatic form of the linker histone H1. To the best of our knowledge, a mammalian oocyte-specific linker (H1) histone(s) has not, as yet, been reported. We have uncovered the cDNA in question in the course of a differential screening (suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)) project. Elucidation of the full-length sequence of this novel 1.2 kb cDNA led to the identification of a 912 bp open reading frame. The latter encoded a novel 34 kDa linker histone protein comprised of 304 amino acids, tentatively named H1oo. Amino acid BLAST analysis revealed that H1oo displayed the highest sequence homology to the oocyte-specific B4 histone of the frog, the respective central globular (putative DNA binding) domains displaying 54% identity. Substantial homology to the cs-H1 protein of the sea urchin oocyte was also apparent. While most oocytic mRNAs corresponding to somatic linker histones are not polyadenylated (and remain untranslated), the mRNAs of (non-mammalian) oocyte-specific linker histones and of mammalian H1oo, are polyadenylated, a process driven by the consensus signal sequence, AAUAAA, detected in the 3′-untranslated region of the H1oo cDNA. Our data suggest that the mouse oocyte-specific linker histone H1oo (1) constitutes a novel mammalian homolog of the oocyte-specific linker histone B4 of the frog and of the cs-H1 linker histone of the sea urchin; (2) is expressed as early as the GV (PI) stage oocyte, persisting into the MII stage oocyte, the oocytic polar bodies, and the two-cell embryo, extinction becoming apparent at the four- to eight-cell embryonic stage; and (3) may play a key role in the control of gene expression during oogenesis and early embryogenesis, presumably through the perturbation of chromatin structure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-664
Number of pages10
JournalDevelopment
Volume128
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Sea Urchins
Anura
Histones
Oocytes
Genes
Complementary DNA
Nonmammalian Embryo
Polar Bodies
Amino Acids
Oogenesis
Messenger RNA
Consensus Sequence
3' Untranslated Regions
Sequence Homology
Protein Sorting Signals
Open Reading Frames
Chromatin
Embryonic Development
Proteins
Embryonic Structures

Keywords

  • Frog
  • H1oo
  • Maternal mRNA
  • Mouse
  • Oocyte
  • Oocyte-specific linker histone
  • Sea urchin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "A mammalian oocyte-specific linker histone gene H1oo: Homology with the genes for the oocyte-specific cleavage stage histone (cs-H1) of sea urchin and the B4/H1M histone of the frog",
abstract = "Oocytes and early embryos of multiple (non-mammalian) species lack the somatic form of the linker histone H1. To the best of our knowledge, a mammalian oocyte-specific linker (H1) histone(s) has not, as yet, been reported. We have uncovered the cDNA in question in the course of a differential screening (suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)) project. Elucidation of the full-length sequence of this novel 1.2 kb cDNA led to the identification of a 912 bp open reading frame. The latter encoded a novel 34 kDa linker histone protein comprised of 304 amino acids, tentatively named H1oo. Amino acid BLAST analysis revealed that H1oo displayed the highest sequence homology to the oocyte-specific B4 histone of the frog, the respective central globular (putative DNA binding) domains displaying 54{\%} identity. Substantial homology to the cs-H1 protein of the sea urchin oocyte was also apparent. While most oocytic mRNAs corresponding to somatic linker histones are not polyadenylated (and remain untranslated), the mRNAs of (non-mammalian) oocyte-specific linker histones and of mammalian H1oo, are polyadenylated, a process driven by the consensus signal sequence, AAUAAA, detected in the 3′-untranslated region of the H1oo cDNA. Our data suggest that the mouse oocyte-specific linker histone H1oo (1) constitutes a novel mammalian homolog of the oocyte-specific linker histone B4 of the frog and of the cs-H1 linker histone of the sea urchin; (2) is expressed as early as the GV (PI) stage oocyte, persisting into the MII stage oocyte, the oocytic polar bodies, and the two-cell embryo, extinction becoming apparent at the four- to eight-cell embryonic stage; and (3) may play a key role in the control of gene expression during oogenesis and early embryogenesis, presumably through the perturbation of chromatin structure.",
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AU - Tanaka, M.

AU - Hennebold, Jon

AU - Macfarlane, J.

AU - Adashi, E. Y.

PY - 2001

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N2 - Oocytes and early embryos of multiple (non-mammalian) species lack the somatic form of the linker histone H1. To the best of our knowledge, a mammalian oocyte-specific linker (H1) histone(s) has not, as yet, been reported. We have uncovered the cDNA in question in the course of a differential screening (suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)) project. Elucidation of the full-length sequence of this novel 1.2 kb cDNA led to the identification of a 912 bp open reading frame. The latter encoded a novel 34 kDa linker histone protein comprised of 304 amino acids, tentatively named H1oo. Amino acid BLAST analysis revealed that H1oo displayed the highest sequence homology to the oocyte-specific B4 histone of the frog, the respective central globular (putative DNA binding) domains displaying 54% identity. Substantial homology to the cs-H1 protein of the sea urchin oocyte was also apparent. While most oocytic mRNAs corresponding to somatic linker histones are not polyadenylated (and remain untranslated), the mRNAs of (non-mammalian) oocyte-specific linker histones and of mammalian H1oo, are polyadenylated, a process driven by the consensus signal sequence, AAUAAA, detected in the 3′-untranslated region of the H1oo cDNA. Our data suggest that the mouse oocyte-specific linker histone H1oo (1) constitutes a novel mammalian homolog of the oocyte-specific linker histone B4 of the frog and of the cs-H1 linker histone of the sea urchin; (2) is expressed as early as the GV (PI) stage oocyte, persisting into the MII stage oocyte, the oocytic polar bodies, and the two-cell embryo, extinction becoming apparent at the four- to eight-cell embryonic stage; and (3) may play a key role in the control of gene expression during oogenesis and early embryogenesis, presumably through the perturbation of chromatin structure.

AB - Oocytes and early embryos of multiple (non-mammalian) species lack the somatic form of the linker histone H1. To the best of our knowledge, a mammalian oocyte-specific linker (H1) histone(s) has not, as yet, been reported. We have uncovered the cDNA in question in the course of a differential screening (suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH)) project. Elucidation of the full-length sequence of this novel 1.2 kb cDNA led to the identification of a 912 bp open reading frame. The latter encoded a novel 34 kDa linker histone protein comprised of 304 amino acids, tentatively named H1oo. Amino acid BLAST analysis revealed that H1oo displayed the highest sequence homology to the oocyte-specific B4 histone of the frog, the respective central globular (putative DNA binding) domains displaying 54% identity. Substantial homology to the cs-H1 protein of the sea urchin oocyte was also apparent. While most oocytic mRNAs corresponding to somatic linker histones are not polyadenylated (and remain untranslated), the mRNAs of (non-mammalian) oocyte-specific linker histones and of mammalian H1oo, are polyadenylated, a process driven by the consensus signal sequence, AAUAAA, detected in the 3′-untranslated region of the H1oo cDNA. Our data suggest that the mouse oocyte-specific linker histone H1oo (1) constitutes a novel mammalian homolog of the oocyte-specific linker histone B4 of the frog and of the cs-H1 linker histone of the sea urchin; (2) is expressed as early as the GV (PI) stage oocyte, persisting into the MII stage oocyte, the oocytic polar bodies, and the two-cell embryo, extinction becoming apparent at the four- to eight-cell embryonic stage; and (3) may play a key role in the control of gene expression during oogenesis and early embryogenesis, presumably through the perturbation of chromatin structure.

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