A longitudinal study of the effects of dual-earner couples' utilization of family-friendly workplace supports on work and family outcomes

Leslie B. Hammer, Margaret B. Neal, Jason T. Newsom, Krista J. Brockwood, Cari L. Colton

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

158 Scopus citations


Little research exists on the effects of the utilization of workplace supports on work-family conflict and job satisfaction. With family systems theory as a framework, 2 waves of national survey data were collected from 234 couples (N = 468) caring for children and for aging parents. Data were analyzed with structural equation modeling techniques. Longitudinal results indicate that individuals' use of workplace supports was related to work-family conflict in the direction opposite to expectations and was related to job satisfaction in the direction consistent with expectations. Differential effects for wives versus husbands were found. In addition, couples' use of workplace supports was only minimally related to wives' outcomes. Results are discussed in terms of gender differences, family systems theory, and methodological and measurement issues related to the longitudinal study of utilization of workplace supports.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-810
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2005



  • Dual-earner couples
  • Family-friendly supports
  • Work-family conflict
  • Workplace supports

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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