A longitudinal investigation of posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms over the course of the year following medical-surgical intensive care unit admission

Dimitry S. Davydow, Douglas Zatzick, Catherine L. Hough, Wayne J. Katon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective was to identify risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive symptoms after medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU) admission. Method: This longitudinal investigation included 150 medical-surgical ICU patients. We assessed acute stress and post-ICU PTSD symptoms with the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version and post-ICU depressive symptoms with the Patient Health Questionnaire-9. Mixed-model linear regression ascertained associations between patient and clinical characteristics and repeated measures of post-ICU PTSD and depressive symptoms. Results: The prevalences of substantial PTSD and depressive symptoms were 16% and 31% at 3 months post-ICU and 15% and 17% at 12 months post-ICU, respectively. In-hospital substantial acute stress symptoms [beta: 16.9, 95% confidence Interval (CI): 11.4, 22.4] were independently associated with increased post-ICU PTSD symptoms. Lifetime history of major depression (beta: 2.2, 95% CI: 0.1, 4.2), greater prior trauma exposure (beta: 0.5, 95% CI: 0.2, 0.9) and in-hospital substantial acute stress symptoms (beta: 3.5, 95% CI: 0.8, 6.2) were independently associated with increased post-ICU depressive symptoms. Conclusions: In-hospital acute stress symptoms may represent a modifiable risk factor for psychiatric morbidity in ICU survivors. Early interventions for at-risk ICU survivors may improve longer-term psychiatric outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)226-232
Number of pages7
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Critical care
  • Depression
  • Intensive care
  • Outcome assessment (health care)
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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