A Homozygous Splice Site Mutation Affecting the Intracellular Domain of the Growth Hormone (GH) Receptor Resulting in Laron Syndrome with Elevated GH-Binding Protein

Katie A. Woods, Neil C. Fraser, Marie Catherine Postel-Vinay, Martin O. Savage, Adrian J.L. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laron syndrome (LS) is a severe autosomal recessive form of GH resistance resulting from molecular defects in the GH receptor (GHR). Affected individuals have extreme short stature and a typical facial phenotype. The point mutations in the GHR gene identified in this condition have until now been confined to the region encoding the extracellular domain of the receptor. We report here the first homozygous point mutation within the intracellular domain of the GHR in two LS cousins distinguishable from classical LS patients only by the presence of elevated GH-binding protein (GHBP) in their serum. A G to C transversion at the vital -1 position in the splice donor site of exon 8 disrupts normal splicing, resulting in the complete skipping of exon 8, producing a mutant GHR protein lacking transmembrane and intracellular domains. We predict that this mutant protein would not be anchored in the cell membrane and would be measurable in the circulation as GHBP, hence explaining the phenotype of severe GH resistance combined with elevated circulating GHBP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1686-1690
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume81
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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