Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide binding proteins (G proteins) couple receptors for extracellular signals to intracellular second messenger-generating systems. Previous studies have shown that G-protein α subunits (Gα) are expressed in a spatially and temporally restricted manner during Drosophila embryogenesis and, thus, may be responsible for mediating developmental interactions. We have used the polymerase chain reaction to search for specific Gα subunits that function primarily during development and not in the adult fly. Using poly(A)+ RNA isolated from early pupae (day 1), we have isolated a cDNA coding for a fly Gα subunit, designated Gfα. This subunit is 30-38% identical to previously described vertebrate and Drosophila Gα subunits and appears to define an additional family of Gα proteins. Gfα transcripts are expressed primarily during embryonic, larval, and early pupal stages and only at low levels in adult flies. In situ hybridization studies indicate that Gfα transcripts are expressed maternally and later during embryogenesis primarily in the developing midgut and transiently in the amnioserosa. The Gfα gene has been characterized and mapped to position 73B of the Drosophila genome.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - May 1 1993|
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