A crossover, controlled study comparing pergolide with bromocriptine as an adjunct to levodopa for the treatment of parkinson's disease

Gianni Pezzoli, Emilia Martignoni, Claudio Pacchetti, Vita Angeleri, Paolo Lamberti, Alberto Muratorio, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Michele De Mari, Nicoletta Foschi, Elisabetta Cossutta, Francesco Nicoletti, Giovanni Giammona, Margherita Canesi, Guglielmo Scarlato, Tommaso Caraceni, Elena Moscarelli, S. Fahn, R. Pfeiffer, J. T. Hutton, J. L. MorrisG. Pezzoli, S. Tesei, C. Ferrante, U. K. Rinne, B. Bergamasco, P. Benna, L. Scarzella, M. M. Hoehn, R. L. Elton, P. F. Teychenne, D. Bergsrud, R. L. Elton, R. W. Fuller, J. A. Clemens, M. D. Hynes, D. B. Calne, K. Burton, J. Beckman, M. Gonce, P. J. Delwaide, J. Jankovic, J. I. Sage, R. C. Duvoisin, G. Pezzoli, A. Zecchinelli, C. Mariani, P. A. Le Witt, C. D. Ward, T. A. Larsen, G. Pezzoli, E. Martignoni, A. Lieberman, C. G. Goetz, E. N. Jansen, J. Jankovic, J. Orman, A. Ginanneschi, F. Degl'innocenti, M. T. Maurello, M. Yamadera, G. Ferber, M. Matejcek, W. C. Koller, S. Glatt, B. Vetere-Overfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

A single-blind, crossover study was carried out to compare the efficacy and safety of pergolide against that of bromocriptine in 57 patients with Parkinson's disease who showed a declining response to levodopa therapy. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either bromocriptine followed by pergolide, or pergolide followed by bromocriptine. Both drugs were administered for 12 weeks. Patients were assessed by a clinician blinded to treatment assignment using the New York University Parkinson's Disease Scale. The average daily dose of pergolide was 2.3 plus minus 0.8 mg and of bromocriptine 24.2 plus minus 8.4 mg. Addition of pergolide or bromocriptine resulted in a significant improvement in total scores when compared with the previous treatment of levodopa alone (pergolide, p equals 0.0001; bromocriptine, p equals 0.0005). Pergolide was more effective than bromocriptine in daily living scores (p equals 0.02) and motor scores (p equals 0.038). No differences in the incidence of dyskinesias, dystonias, or psychosis were observed between groups. Fewer adverse events were recorded in the pergolide group, and most patients and physicians preferred pergolide to bromocriptine. Pergolide as adjunctive therapy to levodopa was more effective than bromocriptine in this short-term trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S22-S27
JournalNeurology
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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