Patients with heart failure have been traditionally treated with a pharmacology-based approach, diet, exercise, and rehabilitation for reducing symptoms, hospitalizations, and mortality. We have developed a solid conceptual framework for music listening–based protocols, showing how music may have a broad range of positive effects on cardiovascular health through psychoneuroimmunoendocrinological pathways.
- Heart failure
- Music listening
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing