A concept analysis of adolescent friendship

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Aim: The purpose of this study is to provide a definition of adolescent friendship to aid in nursing research and practice. Background: Friendships are an essential part of adolescence and can have significant impacts on health outcomes. Adolescent friendships are associated with decreased depression, suicidal ideation, anxiety, and improved self-management of chronic conditions. However, the concept of friendship has not been well defined in the nursing literature, especially in the context of adolescents. Design: Walker and Avant's method of concept analysis was used as a framework for this analysis. Data Sources: Seventeen articles were reviewed, representing a variety of disciplines including child development, psychology, sociology, behavioral sciences, medicine, education, public health, and nutrition. Additional sources included online definitions of friendship. Review Methods: After reviewing the sources, the author identified attributes, antecedents, and consequences. Model case, a borderline case, and contrary case were developed and empirical referents identified. Results: The analysis resulted in a clear definition of adolescent friendship, containing the attributes of support, intimacy, affection, trust, ability to manage conflict, and time. Conclusions: Understanding the attributes, antecedents, and consequences of adolescent friendships will help nurses in assessing and supporting these influential relationships during this important development period.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-335
Number of pages8
JournalNursing forum
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • adolescents
  • concept analysis
  • friendship
  • holistic health
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)


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