A comprehensive assessment of risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older adults

Yunchuan (Lucy) Zhao, Jenny Alderden, Bonnie Lind, Heejung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Falls in community-dwelling older adults are a complicated phenomenon that are attributed to sociodemographic characteristics, health conditions, functional problems, and environmental factors. The current cross-sectional and correlational study aimed to explore comprehensive risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older adults using a nationally representative data file (N = 5,930). Descriptive statistics were used and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed. Study findings showed that homebound or semihomebound older adults were 50% more likely to experience a fall than non-homebound individuals. Impaired balance was the strongest predictor (odds ratio [OR] = 2.37, p < 0.001), followed by problems moving around in the home. Arthritis (OR = 1.39, p = 0.009) and depression or anxiety (OR = 1.28, p = 0.013) were additional risk factors. Community health or home health nurses need to assess these risk factors when planning fall intervention programs for older adults using evidence-based prevention strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)40-48
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of gerontological nursing
Volume44
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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Independent Living
Odds Ratio
Community Health Nurses
Information Storage and Retrieval
Health
Arthritis
Anxiety
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Gerontology

Cite this

A comprehensive assessment of risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older adults. / Zhao, Yunchuan (Lucy); Alderden, Jenny; Lind, Bonnie; Kim, Heejung.

In: Journal of gerontological nursing, Vol. 44, No. 10, 01.10.2018, p. 40-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhao, Yunchuan (Lucy) ; Alderden, Jenny ; Lind, Bonnie ; Kim, Heejung. / A comprehensive assessment of risk factors for falls in community-dwelling older adults. In: Journal of gerontological nursing. 2018 ; Vol. 44, No. 10. pp. 40-48.
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