Clinically relevant doses of potassium chloride (equivalent to 2 mEq/60 kg of body weight) were administered as rapid intravenous (IV) boluses to healthy halothane-anesthetized pigs. Potassium was given either peripherally through a standard IV ear catheter or centrally through the central venous port of a pulmonary artery catheter. Multiple injections were made in each pig, and cardiac output was varied by changing end-tidal halothane concentration. The aortic root potassium concentration was measured every three to six seconds for 90 seconds following potassium administration in each pig. Monitored variables included end-tidal halothane, end-tidal carbon dioxide, pulmonary artery pressure, mean arterial blood pressure, cardiac output, electrocardiogram, and temperature. Following both peripheral and central administration of potassium chloride, aortic root potassium increased significantly. However, the time required to achieve the peak aortic root potassium concentration was significantly less after central administration. In addition, the change in aortic root potassium concentration was greater following central administration compared with peripheral. The change in aortic root potassium concentration correlated inversely with cardiac ouput only after central, but not peripheral injection. Despite marked transient hyperkalemia in all animals, no electrocardiographic evidence of hyperkalemia could be demonstrated. It is concluded that small bolus doses of potassium chloride (2 mEq/60 kg) can be given safely either peripherally or centrally in normal, hemodynamically stable swine.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine