Ketamine 1.0 mg/kg and diazepam 0.3 mg/kg were used to induce anaesthesia in patients requiring pericardiectomy. A significant rise in blood pressure in patients receiving ketamine was noted. In contrast, a fall in blood pressure was seen when diazepam was administered. Changes, in cardiac output, cardiac index, central venous pressure and systemic vascular resistance are discussed. Ketamine appears to be a more satisfactory agent for induction of anaesthesia in patients for pericardiectomy, whereas diazepam should be used with caution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine