A combined consecutive therapy with fosfomycin and sulbactam/cefoperazone for bacterial infections associated with hematological diseases

Shinichi Misawa, Shoichiro Tsuda, Masafumi Taniwaki, Shigeo Horiike, Yuuko Ariyama, Kouichi Hirakawa, Yutaka Ueda, Hiroto Kaneko, Makoto Nakao, Kei Kashima, Hitoshi Nakagawa, Hiroshi Fujii, Tetsuro Nakai, Yasuo Ohkawara, Hitoshi Imanishi, Teruyuki Takashima, Hiroshi Senmaru, Hiroyuki Nakai, Hikari Nishigaki, Shinji TanakaShigeo Yamashita, Shouhei Yokota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

A combination antibacterial therapy with fosfomycin (FOM) and sulbactam/cefoperazone (SBT/CPZ) was applied to 78 patients with severe infections associated with hematological diseases. In this protocol, FOM was followed by SBT/CPZ and each drug was administered for 1 hour intravenously and consecutively. Among 72 evaluable patients, 43 patients had acute leukemia, myeloblastic or lymphoblastic, 22 had malignant lymphoma, 3 had multiple myeloma, and 4 had other hematological diseases as underlying diseases. Bacterial infections diagnosed were sepsis in 21 patients, suspected sepsis in 47, and other infections in 4. The overall efficacy rate of this treatment was 72.2%, and those for individual infections were 66.1% for sepsis, 14.5% for suspected sepsis, and 15.0% for other infectious diseases. Among 22 bacteria separated from patients with sepsis, 78.6% (11/14 strains) were eradicated by this treatment. This protocol was also effective in 51.1% (8/14) of patients whose granulocyte count was less than 100/mm3 during the course of treatment as well as in 83.3% (15/18) of patients with granulocyte count over 500/mm3. There was no difference in effectiveness between those patients to whom G-CSF was administrated and those to whom it was not (17/24, 70.8% vs 35/48, 72.9%). As an adverse reaction, a transient increase of GOT and/or GPT was observed in 2 patients (2.8%). The consecutive administration treatment of FOM and SBT/CPZ is thus an effective and safe regimen for the treatment of patients with hematological diseases complicated by severe infections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-521
Number of pages8
JournalThe Japanese Journal of Antibiotics
Volume48
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Misawa, S., Tsuda, S., Taniwaki, M., Horiike, S., Ariyama, Y., Hirakawa, K., Ueda, Y., Kaneko, H., Nakao, M., Kashima, K., Nakagawa, H., Fujii, H., Nakai, T., Ohkawara, Y., Imanishi, H., Takashima, T., Senmaru, H., Nakai, H., Nishigaki, H., ... Yokota, S. (1995). A combined consecutive therapy with fosfomycin and sulbactam/cefoperazone for bacterial infections associated with hematological diseases. The Japanese Journal of Antibiotics, 48(4), 514-521. https://doi.org/10.11553/antibiotics1968b.48.514