A 6-Year Follow-up Study of Cambodian Refugee Adolescents Traumatized as Children

WILLIAM H. SACK, GREG CLARKE, CHANRITHY HIM, DAN DICKASON, BRIAN GOFF, KATHLEEN LANHAM, J. DAVID KINZIE

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    160 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Seventy-three percent of a sample of 46 Cambodian youth interviewed in 1984 and 1987 were reinterviewed in 1990 as part of a pretest for a multisite study of Cambodian refugee trauma now under way. An additional sample of convenience of 38 youth were also interviewed to determine reliability and validity of the diagnostic instruments chosen for the larger study. The DSM-III-R diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) was found to persist, but the symptoms appeared less intense over time. In contrast, the prevalence of depression dropped markedly since 1987. Subjects remained largely free of comorbid conditions. Diagnostic reliability and validity were satisfactory. The follow-up sample appeared to be functioning well despite their PTSD profiles. The findings are discussed in light of several current controversies surrounding the concept and measurement of PTSD.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)431-437
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
    Volume32
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1993

    Keywords

    • PTSD
    • adolescence
    • refugees
    • trauma

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Psychiatry and Mental health

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