5aPP9. Relationship between amplitude modulation in psychophysical tasks and speech in listeners with normal and impaired hearing

Eric Hoover, Pamela Souza, Frederick Gallun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Previous work suggests that listeners with hearing loss may be unable to discriminate high-rate amplitude modulations, even when the modulation depth is above the modulation detection threshold [Grant et al., J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (1998)] 104, 1051-60. For listens with normal hearing, high-rate amplitude modulations contribute to speech understanding when spectral information is degraded [Xu et al., 117, 32 55-32 67 (2 005)]. In listens with hearing loss, the ability to use amplitude modulation in speech may be limited to frequencies at which modulation frequency discrimination is possible. To test this, amplitude modulation detection and discrimination thresholds were measured in listens with normal hearing and mild-to-moderate sensorineural loss. The signal was a broadband noise carrier sinusoidally amplitude modulated at rate of 10640 Hz. Sentence and nonsense syllable recognition was measured for the same listens. To restrict spectral information, speech was vocoded with a sinusoidal carrier modulated with three or six channels of envelope information Envelope filter cutoff frequency was varied from 10640 Hz. Compared to listens with normal hearing, the listens with hearing loss had more variable modulation frequency discrimination and that discrimination was related to their ability to use high-rate modulation information in speech recognition [Work supported by NIH.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of Meetings on Acoustics - 161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America
PublisherAcoustical Society of America
Volume12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes
Event161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America 2011 - Seattle, WA, United States
Duration: May 23 2011May 27 2011

Other

Other161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America 2011
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle, WA
Period5/23/115/27/11

Fingerprint

hearing
auditory defects
discrimination
modulation
frequency modulation
envelopes
syllables
sentences
thresholds
speech recognition
cut-off
broadband
filters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Cite this

Hoover, E., Souza, P., & Gallun, F. (2011). 5aPP9. Relationship between amplitude modulation in psychophysical tasks and speech in listeners with normal and impaired hearing. In Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics - 161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America (Vol. 12). [050009] Acoustical Society of America. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4863159

5aPP9. Relationship between amplitude modulation in psychophysical tasks and speech in listeners with normal and impaired hearing. / Hoover, Eric; Souza, Pamela; Gallun, Frederick.

Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics - 161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 12 Acoustical Society of America, 2011. 050009.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Hoover, E, Souza, P & Gallun, F 2011, 5aPP9. Relationship between amplitude modulation in psychophysical tasks and speech in listeners with normal and impaired hearing. in Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics - 161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America. vol. 12, 050009, Acoustical Society of America, 161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America 2011, Seattle, WA, United States, 5/23/11. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4863159
Hoover E, Souza P, Gallun F. 5aPP9. Relationship between amplitude modulation in psychophysical tasks and speech in listeners with normal and impaired hearing. In Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics - 161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 12. Acoustical Society of America. 2011. 050009 https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4863159
Hoover, Eric ; Souza, Pamela ; Gallun, Frederick. / 5aPP9. Relationship between amplitude modulation in psychophysical tasks and speech in listeners with normal and impaired hearing. Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics - 161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America. Vol. 12 Acoustical Society of America, 2011.
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