Mineralocorticoid hormones regulate salt transport along the distal nephron by binding to intracellular receptors and activating gene transcription. Previous experiments showed that systemic aldosterone infusions stimulate thiazidesensitive Na and Cl transport by distal convoluted tubule (DCT) cells; this effect could have been direct or secondary to systemic hormonal effects. Aldosterone target tissues express both mineralocorticoid receptors and the metabolic enzyme 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2. Mineralocorticoid receptors have been localized to the DCT in some experiments, but not in others. Expression of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 by DCT cells has not been investigated. The present experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that rat DCT cells are targets of aldosterone action. Patterns of mineralocorticoid receptor, 11β- hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter, and Na/Ca exchanger expression along the distal tubule were examined. A polyclonal antibody was generated to localize the thiazidesensitive Na-Cl cotransporter. Thiazide-sensitive Na-Cl cotransporter and 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase expression were examined using both in situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry; Na/Ca exchanger and mineralocorticoid receptor expression were examined by immunocytochemistry. The results indicate that 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase is expressed by DCT cells, as well as connecting tubule cells and principal cells of the collecting duct; expression levels are low near the junction with the thick ascending limb and rise near the transition to the connecting tubule. Mineralocorticoid receptors are expressed by DCT cells, as well as along the thick ascending limb, connecting tubule, and collecting duct The results indicate that components of the mineralocorticoid receptor system are expressed by DCT cells, suggesting that these cells are targets of aldosterone action.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Aug 1998|
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