β1 integrin inhibitory antibody induces apoptosis of breast cancer cells, inhibits growth, and distinguishes malignant from normal phenotype in three dimensional cultures and in vivo

Catherine C. Park, Hui Zhang, Maria Pallavicini, Joe W. Gray, Frederick Baehner, Chong J. Park, Mina J. Bissell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

253 Scopus citations

Abstract

Current therapeutic approaches to cancer are designed to target molecules that contribute to malignant behavior but leave normal tissues intact. β1 integrin is a candidate target well known for mediating cell-extracellular matrix (ECM) interactions that influence diverse cellular functions; its aberrant expression has been implicated in breast cancer progression and resistance to cytotoxic therapy. The addition of β1 integrin inhibitory agents to breast cancer cells at a single-cell stage in a laminin-rich ECM (three-dimensional IrECM) culture was shown to down-modulate β1 integrin signaling, resulting in malignant reversion. To investigate β1 integrin as a therapeutic target, we modified the three-dimensional IrECM protocol to approximate the clinical situation: before treatment, we allowed nonmalignant cells to form organized acinar structures and malignant cells to form tumor-like colonies. We then tested the ability of β1 integrin inhibitory antibody, AIIB2, to inhibit tumor cell growth in several breast cancer cell lines (T4-2, MDA-MB-231, BT474, SKBR3, and MCF-7) and one nonmalignant cell line (S-1). We show that β1 integrin inhibition resulted in a significant loss of cancer cells, associated with a decrease in proliferation and increase in apoptosis, and a global change in the composition of residual colonies. In contrast, nonmalignant cells that formed tissue-like structures remained resistant. Moreover, these cancer cell-specific antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects were confirmed in vivo with no discernible toxicity to animals. Our findings indicate that β1 integrin is a promising therapeutic target, and that the three-dimensional IrECM culture assay can be used to effectively distinguish malignant and normal tissue response to therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1526-1535
Number of pages10
JournalCancer Research
Volume66
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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