DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Mirena(c) (Leiras, OY, Finland) is an intrauterine system (IUS) that releases levonorgestrel (LNG) and provides women with highly effective contraception for 5 years. However, serious breakthrough bleeding (BTB) can occur that leads many patients to discontinue treatment. In women using subcutaneous Norplant contraception, BTB can be suppressed by intermittent antiprogestin therapy with mifepristone. NICHD has a new antiprogestin, CDB-2914, that is more potent than mifepristone. The goal of this proposal is to determine whether CDB-2914 can suppress the BTB associated with the LNG-IUS. Preclinical studies will be done first in rhesus macaques fitted with an LNG-IUS and the information gained will be transmitted to Professor Hilary Critchley, University of Edinburgh, who will select a test population of 150 women from a pool of over 400 who are being fitted annually with an LNG-IUS for contraception. The bleeding-suppressive dose and schedule of CDB-2914 that works well in macaques will be adapted for use in women. The work consists of two major aims: Aim 1: to establish an effective, bleeding-suppressive dose schedule of CDB 2914 in macaques, and to assess spatio-temporal expression of bleeding-associated factors in the endometrium. Aim 2: to conduct a randomized, placebo controlled trial to evaluate CDB-2914 suppression of BTB in women being fitted with the LNG-IUS; and for added value, to develop a questionnaire to assess acceptability of the proposed treatment to women. This proposal involves translation of the information gained from basic research with macaques into clinical practice in women within the time frame of the grant. It is essential to conduct the clinical work at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, because no clinic in the USA has such a large patient population of women being fitted with the LNG-IUS for contraception. The macaque model provides excellent predictability for human studies, and Drs. Brenner and Critchley have published collaboratively on data from macaques and women in several recent papers. The proposal brings basic scientists and clinicians together for a "bench to bedside" approach that will advance women's health and improve contraceptive technology.
|Effective start/end date||7/1/94 → 6/30/08|
- National Institutes of Health: $285,400.00
- National Institutes of Health: $343,220.00