Role of extracellular matrix in hypoxic-ischemic perinatal white matter injury

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Human periventricular white matter injury (PWMI) is the predominant form of brain damage and the leading cause of life-long neurological disability from cerebral palsy in survivors of premature birth. In the premature human brain there is a window of vulnerability when hypoxia-ischemia (H-l), maternal-fetal infection and other insults damage cerebral white matter. The spectrum of chronic PWMI includes cystic necrotic lesions (periventricular leukomalacia, PVL) and a diffuse failure of normal myelination associated with reactive astrocytosis. Despite the large number of affected infants, the cellular and molecular basis for chronic PWMI is unknown and has not been studied in a relevant animal model. Although considerable evidence exists that cerebral H-l occurs in critically ill premature neonates who sustain PWMI, the pathophysiologic relationships among H-l, acute white matter damage and chronic myelination disturbances remain poorly understood. Definition of the cellular and molecular events that generate chronic white matter injury is, thus, critically needed to advance preventive therapies. We propose to define novel mechanisms in perinatal rat and human by which acute white matter injury leads to disruptions in the neurovascular unit at the level of the extracellular matrix that disrupt normal myelinogenesis. In a perinatal rat model relevant to human PWMI, we will define mechanisms by which acute degeneration of late OL progenitors (preOLs) after H-l triggers a chronic disruption of normal myelination. We will test the overall hypothesis that the predilection of the preterm white matter to chronic myelination disturbances after H-l is related to the acute degeneration of preOLs that triggers chronic reactive astrocytosis. Our preliminary data suggest that reactive gliosis leads to the accumulation of the glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan (HA) and that HA can block preOL maturation. We hypothesize, therefore, that reactive astrocytosis prevents the normal maturation of the residual pool of susceptible preOLs, arrests normal myelination and results in a persistent state of increased vulnerability of the white matter with delayed preOL death through a mechanism that involves HA accumulation. Our approach is a significant departure from previous studies in that we will employ the full spectrum of OL lineage-specific markers previously characterized by us in developing human white matter to define the mechanisms by which H-l triggers chronic preOL degeneration and myelination failure.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date1/1/061/31/18

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $308,024.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $336,875.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $346,063.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $336,875.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $306,751.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $330,908.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $306,751.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $305,842.00

Fingerprint

Extracellular Matrix
Wounds and Injuries
Hyaluronic Acid
Gliosis
Hyaluronoglucosaminidase
White Matter
Premature Birth
Molecular Weight
Astrocytes
Brain
Ischemia
Periventricular Leukomalacia
Cerebral Palsy
Glycosaminoglycans
Oligodendroglia
Demyelinating Diseases
Critical Illness

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)