ROLE OF CELL SHAPE IN HORMONE PROCESSING

    Project: Research project

    Description

    Extracellular matrices play a critical role in cell growth and
    differentiation in part by influencing cell shape. PC 12 cells are a
    clonal cell line which exhibits a dramatic change in cell shape and in the
    release of dopamine when cultured on extracellular matrix. Since these
    cells also produce the peptide hormones, enkephalin and vasoactive
    intestinal peptide (VIP); and manifest acetylcholine and glucocorticoid
    receptors, they provide an excellent model for definitive studies on the
    role of cell shape in releasing and responding to chemical messengers,
    i.e., hormones. Numerous functional properties relating to hormone
    production and secretion will be compared in PC 12 cells which are
    flattened on extracellular matrix versus rounded on plastic. These
    functional properties include: dopamine secretion, storage, synthesis,
    uptake, and turnover; enkephalin secretion, synthesis and storage;
    vasoactive intestinal peptide secretion, synthesis and storage;
    acetylcholine sensitivity and receptor binding characteristics;
    glucocorticoid sensitivity and receptor binding characteristics; and
    adenylate cyclase activity and sensitivity. A radioenzymatic assay is used
    to measure catecholamine secretion and storage. Radioimmunoassays for
    enkephalin and VIP will be used to measure secretion and storage.
    Radiolabeled tyrosine and Dowex resin chromatography will be used to
    determine dopamine synthesis and turnover. Radiolabeled norepinephrine
    will be used in experiments examining re-uptake function. Radiolabeled
    leucine or methionine in combination with immunoprecipitation of enkephalin
    and VIP will be used to examine synthesis of the peptide hormones.
    Radiolabeled receptor ligands will be used to characterize the
    acetylcholine and glucocorticoid receptor properties in the cells which are
    flattened on matrix versus rounded on plastic. During development a single
    cell becomes a multicellular organism composed of many different cells with
    a complexity of functions. This process involves growth, migration and
    differentiation of cells. Mistakes in this process result in all forms of
    birth defects and death. During differentiation various parts of the
    genome are activated or repressed at critical times, but the cues for this
    process are not well understood. Cells transmit and receive information to
    and from their environment which must play a role in gene expression. This
    information appears to involve chemical signals as well as physical
    position. This project proposal abstracts from these concepts as it
    focuses on the role of cell shape in hormone secretion and processing.
    StatusFinished
    Effective start/end date1/1/8512/31/87

    Funding

    • National Institutes of Health

    Fingerprint

    Cell Shape
    Hormones
    Extracellular Matrix
    Dopamine
    Peptide Hormones
    Enkephalins
    Glucocorticoid Receptors
    Peptides
    Plastics
    Intestinal Secretions
    Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide
    Cholinergic Receptors
    Growth
    Immunoprecipitation
    Methionine
    Acetylcholine
    Catecholamines
    Cell Movement
    Radioimmunoassay
    Cues

    ASJC

    • Medicine(all)