MELATONIN PHYSIOLOGY IN HEALTH AND AFFECTIVE DISORDERS

  • Lewy, Alfred, (PI)

Project: Research project

Description

The onset of nighttime melatonin production, as measured by gas
chromatography - negative chemical ionization mass spectrometry, is a
potentially important "biological marker" for 24-hour (circadian) and
seasonal rhythms and the hypothalamic effects of light on these rhythms.
The purpose of this project is to assess the timing of circadian rhythms
and the effects of light in normal human subjects, using the timing (phase)
of the nighttime increase in melatonin production as a maker for circadian
phase position. The timing of the first REM period and the core body
temperature circadian rhythm will also be examined. After determination of baseline circadian phase position, dynamic (phasic)
responses to light will be studied by measuring the change in phase
position of these markers after shifting the times of "dawn" and "dusk"
using bright artificial light. Light sensitivity will also be assessed by
measuring the decrease in melatonin levels during exposure to bright light
in the middle of the night. Subjects will also be studied throughout the
year to examine seasonal rhythms in light sensitivity, circadian phase
position, and the pattern and amplitude of melatonin production. In addition to normal subjects, patients (suspected of having abnormal
biological rhythms) with endogenous depression and "winter depression" will
be studied. These studies are among the first to evaluate the effects of
bright light on biological rhythms in humans and may lead to improved
diagnosis and treatment of certain types of sleep and mood disorders.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date12/1/846/30/97

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $65,575.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $167,361.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $249,238.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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Melatonin
Mood Disorders
Light
Health
Photophobia
Circadian Rhythm
Depression
Antidepressive Agents
Therapeutics
Periodicity
Depressive Disorder
Mass Spectrometry
Biomarkers

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)