Integrative signaling models to decipher complex cancer phenotypes

  • Johnson, William Evan (PI)
  • van 't Veer, Laura J. (PI)
  • Bild, Andrea Hope (PI)
  • Gray, Joe (CoPI)

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The focus of our research is to investigate core signaling pathways that contribute to cancer growth, and to develop models to accurately determine optimal therapeutic regimens for cancer patients. Recent results from clinical trials using targeted therapies for solid tumors have shown that drug response is oftentimes not driven by one mutation or pathway alone. Instead, response is confounded by interactions between the target gene and deregulation of downstream and alternative pathways. Therefore, our studies aim to model how signaling pathways work in relation to others in human tumors, and to identify patterns that correlate to drug response. We hypothesize that integrated 'omic' pathway models composed of multiple components of the growth factor receptor pathways will define biologically distinct subtypes of breast cancer and will accurately predict drug response in
patient tumors. Specifically, we will develop and use genomic signatures centered on multiple levels of the growth factor receptor networks (GFRNs) to investigate how these pathways signal in human tumors. Novel statistical modeling approaches, including probabilistic barcode data standardization and Bayesian factor analysis for prediction of pathways and pathway interactions in tumors will move beyond individual pathway predictions to instead profile multi-pathway models in human tumors. Further, these models will integrate 'omic' data types, including RNA-sequencing, mutation status, and proteomic data, enabling a more comprehensive analysis of GFRN deregulation. GFRN pathway activity predictions and sensitivity/resistance to drugs that target the respective pathways will be validated in both cell lines as well as in fresh human tumor cells grown in 3-dimensional culture. Importantly, clinical validation of the pathway profiles will be carried out with I-SPY 2 (Investigation of Seril Studies to Predict Your Therapeutic Response with Imaging and Molecular Analysis 2) clinical trial data, which uses targeted therapies directed at GFR pathway components in the treatment of breast cancer. Ultimately, our studies will generate a series of well-validated pathway based biomarkers for individualized assessment of drug responsiveness, as well as interrogation of the coordinate deregulation of specific GFRN components in human tumors.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/8/127/31/17

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $553,275.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $624,117.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $651,183.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $551,268.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $514,480.00

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Phenotype
Growth Factor Receptors
Neoplasms
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Clinical Trials
Breast Neoplasms
RNA Sequence Analysis
Therapeutics
Mutation
Molecular Imaging
Critical Pathways
Bayes Theorem
Drug Resistance
Proteomics
Statistical Factor Analysis
Inpatients
Signal Transduction
Biomarkers
Cell Line
Growth

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)