Effect of Aging and Caloric Restriction on Circadian Ph*

    Project: Research project

    Description

    DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Human physiology shows strong rhythmic components with peaks and nadirs occurring regularly at specific times of the day. Accumulating evidence suggests that perturbation of the circadian neuroendocrine circuitry may play an important role in several aging-related disorders and may have a major influence on life span. Furthermore, there is growing support for the view that neuroendocrine aging may be caused by oxidative injury, stemming from a progressive overload of a cell's antioxidant capacity. The proposed research will use male rhesus monkeys to examine the mechanism by which caloric restriction can prevent aging-related deterioration of key neuroendocrine circadian rhythms, including DHEAS, cortisol, melatonin and testosterone. We will perform experiments to examine the aging-related progression of circadian dysfunction in ad libitum-fed and age-matched calorie-restricted animals in vivo. This will involve repeated serial blood collections via a catheter-swivel-tether set up, together with concomitant body temperature recordings and actography. In addition, changes in body composition and brain morphology will be assessed non-invasively using DEXA and MRI respectively. Ultimately, the brains of these animals will be examined postmortem to test the hypothesis that caloric restriction protects the aging primate hypothalamus from oxidative injury. Using electron microscopy, we will examine the synaptology of key hypothalamic nuclei involved in mediating circadian neuroendocrine function and use in situ hybridization histochemistry to assess changes in gene expression. We will also use immunohistochemistry to examine loss of specific axonal projections and the associated increase in gliosis. We expect to show that caloric restriction helps to protect hypothalamic nuclei from oxidative injury and, more importantly, that it helps to maintain the integrity of the neural pathway that links the suprachiasmatic nucleus (the central biological clock) to the paraventricular nucleus (the hypothalamic regulator of the adrenal axis). A deeper understanding of aging-related changes in central neuroendocrine circadian circuits of primates and the protective influence of caloric restriction should help to elucidate the mechanism of human aging and help with the development of effective therapies for a wide range of disorders in the elderly.
    StatusFinished
    Effective start/end date9/1/018/31/06

    Funding

    • National Institutes of Health: $259,289.00
    • National Institutes of Health: $20,180.00
    • National Institutes of Health: $198,750.00
    • National Institutes of Health: $259,289.00
    • National Institutes of Health: $259,289.00
    • National Institutes of Health: $52,470.00

    Fingerprint

    Caloric Restriction
    Primates
    Wounds and Injuries
    Biological Clocks
    Neural Pathways
    Suprachiasmatic Nucleus
    Gliosis
    Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus
    Brain
    Melatonin
    Circadian Rhythm
    Body Composition
    Body Temperature
    Macaca mulatta
    Hypothalamus
    In Situ Hybridization
    Hydrocortisone
    Testosterone
    Electron Microscopy
    Catheters

    ASJC

    • Medicine(all)