Curing models for photoactivated resin composites

Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Light-activated composite materials are used in many biomaterial applications, but most commonly as dental restoratives. Due to limited light penetration and high polymerization shrinkage, these restorations must be built up in increments to ensure both adequate physical properties (i.e., degree of conversion and hardness) and strong adhesion at the tooth interface. We hypothesize that a curing model that predicts the physical properties of light-activated composites in realistic dental geometries can be made and validated. Such a curing model would require (1) knowing the optical properties of the composite, (2) predicting the light dose (irradiance W time) in the composite, and (3) relating the delivered light dose to the cured composite's physical properties. We hypothesize that the composite's optical properties change during curing and that the composite's physical properties can be predicted using a threshold light dose for 80% curing. We expect that a validated curing model will improve understanding of how composite formulation affects curing and provide crucial information about the curing process at the composite-tooth interface. To test our hypotheses, we will produce experimental composites with known and varied ller types, sizes and compositions, monomer formulations, and with two different photosensitizers. Optical properties of cured and uncured composites will be measured and quantified as a function of light dose. The physical properties of composites cured at different irradiances and times will be measured and correlated with light dose to determine the 80% curing threshold. The optical property measurements and thresholds will be used in a dynamic Monte Carlo light transport model to predict physical properties. These predicted values will be validated by comparison with dental cavity preparations that have been restored with photo-cured composites.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date7/1/086/30/11

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $224,531.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $182,267.00

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curing
resins
composite materials
physical properties
dosage
optical properties
thresholds
teeth
irradiance
formulations
shrinkage
restoration
adhesion
hardness
penetration
polymerization
monomers

Keywords

  • Medicine(all)
  • Dentistry(all)