Circadian Clocks and Aging

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Age-related decline in the physiological and cognitive functions in humans is of great concern to society and there is an urgent need to identify biological mechanisms that support healthy aging and longevity. Recent evidence suggests that the circadian system is important for maintaining health during aging. The circadian system comprises of a central pacemaker regulating behavior and peripheral oscillators in most body organs that coordinate daily oscillations in gene expression, small metabolites, and tissue-specific physiological processes. Multiple observational studies in humans linked disruption of circadian clocks with accelerated aging symptoms, such as neurodegenerative diseases, but the underlying mechanisms are not understood. We recently reported that a mutation in one of the clock genes leads to premature aging and impaired neuronal homeostasis in the model organism Drosophila melanogaster. We also determined that the circadian mechanism decays in peripheral clocks of aging flies due to reduced expression of clock genes. Our preliminary data suggest that specific genetic interventions can improve molecular and behavioral rhythms in the aging organism. We hypothesize that increasing the strength of circadian peripheral clocks may retard aging and promote health span. We will test this hypothesis as a collaborative team between three labs with complementary expertise focusing on three aims: 1) Identify molecular causes of age- related decay of clock gene expression in different tissues; 2) Test whether improvement in clock genes oscillations avert functional decay in aging flies and extend health span and lifespan; and 3) Identify pathways controlled by peripheral clocks that mediate health span benefits in aging flies. Our results should yield critical information regarding functional links between strong peripheral circadian clocks and aging rate. Insights obtained from this in vivo research may have clinical relevance by uncovering novel ways to maintain optimal health during aging in humans by enhancement of the circadian systems.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/135/31/18

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $243,504.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $10,255.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $259,268.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $235,939.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $253,238.00

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Circadian Clocks
Diptera
Health
Gene Expression
Physiological Phenomena
Premature Aging
Genetic Engineering
Insurance Benefits
Drosophila melanogaster
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Cognition
Genes
Observational Studies
Homeostasis
Mutation
Research

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)