BIOLOGY OF TRABECULAR RESPONSE TO LASER TRABECULOPLASTY

Project: Research project

Description

The precise effects of laser trabeculoplasty (LTP) on the trabecular meshwo
k
remains only partially understood. Its intraocular pressure-lowering effec through enhancement of aqueous outflow is well documented. Clinically, thi effect seems relatively non-specific for laser characteristics. The respon
e
is delayed in onset, diminishes over time, and in some cases can be renewed
with retreatment. Viewed histologically, the acute effects of LTP are
regional trabecular beam and cellular destruction; repopulation of the burn
sites is documented. The objective of this research project is to unravel the cellular biology o the events that result in this repopulation and the subsequent increase in
aqueous outflow facility. Preliminary studies show a transient, early (48
hours) induction of trabecular cell division in response to LTP treatment i human cornealscleral explant organ culture. This division is localized
primarily to a population of anterior trabecular cells, which reside beneat Schwalbe's line at the insert of the meshwork into the corneal. By 7 to 14
days post-treatment, the cells which divided early are found predominantly
in the site of repopulation of the burn. These events appear to be initiat
d
by a cellular modulator, which is released from the meshwork within 8 hours
following LTP. In this application, cell biological, biochemical and some molecular
biological methodologies are proposed as a means to investigate this early
cellular division, the cellular migration which repopulates the burn sites,
and the regulatory factors which modulate these events. Evaluation of the
relationship between the production of a family of matrix metalloproteinase
,
which initiate extracellular matrix turnover and remodeling, and this casca
e
of cellular trabecular responses is proposed. In other studies, these results are extended to a feline in vivo model to
establish the relationship between the in vitro and the in vivo models'
responses to LTP. The specificity of the effect on trabecular cells of a
number of select LTP treatment parameters is evaluated. Correlations betwe
n
these observations and aqueous outflow, as monitored by fluorophotometry an tonometry, are then evaluated. These studies will provide important
information about trabecular biology, as well as about the mechanism of
action of LTP upon the trabecular meshwork.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/891/31/18

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health: $326,580.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $317,113.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $620,631.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $597,606.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $167,404.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $615,535.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $463,285.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $627,661.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $620,631.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $377,300.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $308,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $385,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $212,457.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $477,186.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $479,949.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $385,000.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $449,791.00
  • National Institutes of Health: $307,921.00
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health: $195,276.00

Fingerprint

Trabeculectomy
Lasers
Intraocular Pressure
Glaucoma
Glycosaminoglycans
Trabecular Meshwork
Proteoglycans
Aqueous Humor
Matrix Metalloproteinases
Versicans
Extracellular Matrix
Open Angle Glaucoma
Carrier Proteins
Organ Culture Techniques

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)