ALCOHOL TOXICITY: ROLE OF ETHANOL-INDUCIBLE P-450

Project: Research project

Description

Chronic alcohol consumption has been associated with the toxicity of a
number of xenobiotics, especially those that require metabolic activation.
The catalyst for the majority of the biotransformations has been suggested
to be the ethanol-inducible isozyme of cytochrome P-450, which has been
successfuly isolated and characterized from ethanol-treated rabbits and has
been termed isozyme 3a. The long term goal of this proposal is to
determine the role of isozyme 3a in alcohol-related toxicities developing a
specific suicide substrate for the enzyme that can be used in vivo. The
specific aims of this proposal are: 1) to characterize the active site of
isozyme 3a using chemical modification with group specific affinity labels;
2) to characterize the suicide inactivation of isozyme 3a with a series of
possible substrates that will form reactive products when metabolized by
the enzyme; 3) to compare the inactivation of rabbit liver isozyme 3a with
the inactivation of an analogous isozyme in the rat, hamster, and mouse;
and 4) to determine the specificity of the inactivation using microsomal
suspensions and primary hepatocytes as an in vivo model system. The
interaction of affinity labels with the active site will be determined
spectrally and by competition with substrates for the enzyme. The
residue(s) modified will be determined by amino acid analysis and sequence
determination of peptides isolated by HPLC. Similar analysis will be done
with effective suicide substrates. A series of potential suicide
substrates will be examined that will yield Beta, Gamma-unsaturated
ketones, Alpha-haloketones, diketones, or ketoaldehydes when oxidized by
isozyme 3a. The metabolism of the substrates will be monitored by gas
chromatography or HPLC of phenylhydrazone derivatives so that the
effectiveness of the inhibition can be monitored by the partition ratio.
The affinity of the substrates will be changed by increasing the
hydrophobicity and including groups such as pyrazole and imidazole, which
are good ligands for the heme. Since the majority of the in vivo effects
of ethanol have been examined in other species, the modification of an
analogous isozyme in rats, mice, and hamsters will be studied. The
modified enzyme will be isolated by immunoaffinity chromatography with
antibody to rabbit isozyme 3a and compared to the modified rabbit isozyme.
The in vivo specificity of suicide substrates that were effective in vitro
will be tested with primary hepatocytes since problems of distribution and
metabolism by other tissues can be avoided.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date8/1/867/31/90

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

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Isoenzymes
Ethanol
Alcohols
Suicide
Affinity Labels
Rabbits
Enzymes
Cricetinae
Hepatocytes
Catalytic Domain
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Xenobiotics
Biotransformation
Substrate Specificity
Heme
Alcohol Drinking
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Chromatography
Ligands
Amino Acids

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)